IJAIR- Volume 7 Issue 2 (February 2018)


Sr/No/ Title Pdf
1 Eradication of Karuvelam Using a Bioeconomic Model.
B.Amudhambigai, A.Neeraja, R. Roseleen Nithiya

Abstract—This project gives the effects of karuvelam at Attayampatti village situated in Salem District, TamilNadu. A bio economic model is used to eradicate the Karuvelam trees. This model is divided into two components as ecology and economics. Numerical simulation and scenario analysis are obtained to eradicate them and finally a simple fuzzy logic based Mamdani model is used to view the proportionality between the growth of karuvelam trees and the ground water level.
Page No. 01 - 06.

2 Ultra Capacitor Based UPQC for Improved Power Quality of The System.
Mude Gopal Naik , Y.V.Balarama Krishna Rao

Abstract—Power quality is a central worry in modern power frameworks. Since there is an extremely expansive range of reasons for control quality devaluation, it is critical to persistently create gadgets that can conquer control quality issues in electric matrices, hence expanding the nature of vitality. The Unified Power Quality Conditioner (UPQC) is one of the key custom power gadget, which can repay both current and voltage related issues, all the while. As the UPQC is a blend of arrangement and shunt APFs, two APFs have diverse capacities. The arrangement APF smothers and secludes voltage-based contortions. The shunt APF wipes out current-based twists. In the meantime, it repays receptive current of the heap and enhances control factor. Regardless of its adaptability, the UPQC still has restrictions, fundamentally because of the way that the put away vitality in the DC transport capacitor is generally low. In this paper, To enhance application scope of a Unified Power Quality Conditioner a ultra capacitor based vitality stockpiling framework is presented in the DC transport of the UPQC. Such mixture framework can be utilized to conquer control quality issues like consonant contortion, current-based mutilations, voltage lists/swells and stage unbalance. The upsides of such mix are additionally talked about and comes about show that the option of the superconducting gadget can expand the scope of uses of the power dynamic channel and lessening the weight on DC interface capacitor.
Page No. 07 - 11.

3 In Vitro And In Vivo Assessment of Theantitrypanosomal Activity of Methanol Leaf Extract of Annona Muricata(Meam) on the Blood Parameters Of Trypanasoma Brucei Brucei Infected Albino Rats.
Nnamdi M. Ikeogu, Chika F. Ikeogu., Ikenna O. Ezeh, Deanchris N. Onah.

Abstract—This study investigated the anti trypanosomal activity of the methanol leaf extract of Annona muricata [MEAM] in albino rats experimentally infected with Trypanosoma brucei brucei. A total of 32 adult male albino rats weighing between 78g and 100g were used for the study. They were randomly assigned into 4 groups ¬¬of three rats each for the acute toxicity study and 4 groups [I-IV] of 5 rats each for the In vivo study. Groups I and II were infected intraperitoneally with 1.0 ×106 trypanosomes suspended in 0.2ml Phosphate Buffered Saline[PBS]on day 8 of experiment. Group I was treated with 200 mg/kg of MEAM orally every day for 3 days following detectable parasitaemia [4-5days of post infection]. Group II was treated with 7.0 mg/kg of diminazene aceturate intramuscularly on day 14 of experiment [6 days post infection]. Group III served as the uninfected untreated control while Group IV was uninfected and treated orally with 200mg/kg MEAM. Parameters such as Parasitaemia, Packed cell volume [PCV], Hemoglobinconcentration, Total leucocytes count, Differential leucocytes count. The acute toxicity test and the in vitro anti trypanosomal activity of the extract were studied using standard methods prior to commencement of the study. The results of the acute toxicity test showed the LD 50 of the MEAM to be 447 mg/kg whereas the LC50 of the extract was recorded at 0.01mg/mlin vitro. The pre patent period of infection was 3days. Treatment with diminazene aceturate cleared the Parasitaemia in group II. An overall significant decrease[P< 0.05] in PCV and Hemoglobin was observed in the infected groups. Similarly, a significant decrease [P< 0.05] in total leucocytes count was also seen in the infected groups. Treatment with MEAM showed increased Parasitaemia, indicating that MEAM showed an In vitro anti trypanosomal activity and no anti trypanosomal activity In vivo. It is recommended that parental routes of administration of MEAM should be employed for further studies of anti trypanosomal activity of MEAM.
Page No. 12 - 24.

4 The Effect of Drying on the Phytochemical Composition of Azadirachta Indica Leaf Extract.
Uche Winifred Arinze, Edwin O. Alumanah.

Abstract—Azadirachta indica (Common name Neem) belongs to the family of Meliaceae. It is planted both for ornamental and medicinal purposes and recently in Northern Nigeria and other Sahel regions to check encroachment by Sahara desert. A survey by the United Nation Commission for Trade and Development (UNCTAD) indicated that about 33% of drugs produced in the developed countries are derived from plants. The fresh leaves of Azadirachta indica were collected from Nsukka towns. Some of the fresh leaves of Azadirachta indica were sun dried. Phytochemical studies were carried out on the crude aqueous leaf extracts (decotion of both the fresh leaves and dry leaves) using standard phytochemical methods (Chemical method and thin layer chromatography method). The result of the study showed that both fresh leaves and dry leaves extracts (decotion) contain the following phytochemical; Reducing sugars, Flavonoids, (Qucertin, 3-Rutinoside, 3-Rhamnoside) Saponins, Anthraquinone, Tannins, Steriodal aglycone, Cardiac glycosides, Cyanogenic glycosides, Terpenoids and Sugars (Fructose, Rhamnose, Xylose and Mannose). The result of this study showed presence of vitamin C in the fresh leaves extract (decotion) of Azadirachta indica but was not detected in the dry leaves extracts. This showed that drying affects phytochemical contents of this medicinal plant. Therefore in preparing this folk medicine, It is very necessary to use fresh leaves to ensure retention of phytochemical properties after preparing the herbal medicine.
Page No. 25 - 29.

5 A Compact O-shaped Printed ACS fed Monopole Dual-band Antenna for 2.4 GHz Bluetooth and 5GHz WLAN/WiMAX Applications.
Vasu Babu. K, Mary Surekha Sankuru, Chandini Shaik, Priyanka Tedlapu, Vidya Pulivarthi.

Abstract—In this research paper, a compact O shaped printed ACS fed monopole dual band antenna is proposed for the reduction of mutual coupling in addition with applications of 2.4GHz Bluetooth/WLAN, 4.9 GHz US public safety band and 4.776 GHz WLAN/WiMAX. It consists of an O- shaped radiating branch and a rectangular uniplanar ground plane, with dimensions of 20 x 12.5 x 1.6 m^3. In the design, proposed radiating structure has been printed on a low cost single layered substrate FR4. By properly tuning the radiating branches electrical lengths, two independent resonant frequencies can be obtained and tuned independently. The presented antenna also exhibits omnidirectional radiation patterns with acceptable peak gains for the desired 2.4 GHz Bluetooth band, 4.9 GHz US public band , 4.776 WLAN bands and 6.368 GHz WiMAX band applications.
Page No. 30 - 33.

6 Reduction of Isolation in MIMO Antenna Using Rupee Shaped Structure.
K Vasu Babu, C Bhargava Sivarama Krishna, B Sreeram, B Sudheer Kumar, B Naga Chandra, C V Dinesh Reddy.

Abstract—A novel concise Rupee shaped micro strip patch antenna with CPW (Co-planar Waveguide Feed) is designed, which is used for Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) systems. The described two element MIMO system reproduces at a dual band of 4.696 GHz and 7.723 GHz with an enhanced impedance bandwidth of 33.33% and a minimized mutual coupling of –35.3 dB. These results are better when compared to a normal E shaped, H shaped, U shaped patch antennas plotted with identical size and thickness, obtained without using any further decoupling methods. A 2×2 MIMO system employing the Rupee shaped patch antennas is analyzed using computational electromagnetic ray tracing software for an indoor environment. The described antenna is a good choice for MIMO systems operating for several Ultra Wide Band (UWB) applications.
Page No. 34 - 39.

7 Design and Verification of ASIP- Dual Modified Key Generator Based Encryption for Cloud Storage.
Astha tiwari,Prof. Muhammad Arif

Abstract—Paper work proposed a new 2^n+1 modulo multiplier for dual key IDEA encryption in the design which generates less number of partial products (≤ n 2) and the less area at very high speed. The multiplication is based on Wallace tree along with specialized shifting. Coding with different combinations of eight rounds is been done at gate level i.e. fully dataflow modeling style for high throughput.. New modulo multiplication is been proposed in which multiple patterns can be done with less area. The string matching module is coded and functionally verified using VHDL language targeting Virtex IV pro FPGA and performance measures in terms of speed and resource utilization. Our work is mainly based on designing an efficient architecture (IP) for a cryptographic module for secure data trafficking and a network intrusion detection system for a high speed network. The complete designs are coded using VHDL language and are verified using Xilinx-ISE simulator for verifying their functionality.
Page No. 40 - 45.

8 DDR-SDRAM Controller ASIC Design for High Speed Interfacing.
Zeba khan,Dr. Vinod Kapse

Abstract—The goal of this work is to develop DRAM controller between Main Processor and the main memory for fast interfacing of the data and this is achieved with the help of a new Super Harvard type of interfacing parallel interfacing for the data, program data and instructions, also the proposed work used four stage pipelining to achieve high throughput and high speed interfacing. Vertex Corse grain FPGA has been used for the design of the work hence the area can be minimized also the mix modeling architecture is been used. The architecture is designed in Xilinx EDA using Verilog HDL and verification of the design is been done of ISE. The result in terms of speed and area are found better.
Page No. 46 - 50.

9 A Mining Approach for Detection and Classification Techniques of Tuberculosis Diseases.
N. Suresh, K. Arulanandam

Abstract—A Correct diagnosis of Tuberculosis (TB) can be only stated by applying a medical test to patient’s. The result of this test is obtained after a time period of about few days. The need of this study is to develop a Data Mining(DM) solution which makes diagnosis of tuberculosis as accurate as possible and helps deciding if it is reasonable to start tuberculosis treatment on suspected patients. In this research, we proposed the classification techniques to predict the existence of tuberculosis. we propose efficient Decision Tree algorithm technique approach for Tuberculosis prediction. Today medical field have come a long way to treat patients with various kind of diseases. Among the most threatening one is the Tuberculosis which cannot be observed with a naked eye and comes instantly when its limitations are reached. Bad clinical decisions would cause death of a patient which cannot be afforded by any hospital. The Decision Tree algorithm technique classifies the most usual types are: (i) Latent Tuberculosis,(ii) Active Tuberculosis. is an accurate and reliable method of tuberculosis patients. This study has contribution on forecasting patients before the medical tests.
Page No. 51 - 62.

10 CPW-Fed Triangular Multiband Monopole of WIFI, WIMAX & LTE.
Deepika Usrethe,Divyanshu Rao,Prof.Ravimohan.

Abstract—With fast improvement of portable correspondence frameworks, multiband planar radio wires have pulled in extensive consideration. They are usually utilized as a part of remote correspondence frameworks, particularly in remote neighborhood (WLAN), Worldwide Interoperability of Microwave Access (WiMAX) & Long Term Evolution (LTE) applications. With a specific end goal to fulfill WLAN/WiMAX/LTE principles, multiband reception apparatuses which work at 2.4– 2.484 GHz/5.15– 5.825 GHz of WLAN, 2.5– 2.69 GHz/3.4– 3.69 GHz/5.25– 5.85 GHz of WiMAX, & 2.5– 2.69 GHz of LTE are required. As of late, printed double & triple-band reception apparatuses of WLAN, WiMAX & LTE applications have been proposed. In this letter, a coplanar waveguide (CPW)- encouraged multiband necktie monopole recieving wire is proposed. This reception apparatus can be effortlessly intended to meet prerequisite of various working frequencies by utilizing proposed approach. Various bowed monopoles, which relate to various working frequencies, are produced by carving openings of various lengths in a necktie fix. length of each twisted monopole is resolved under quarter wavelength reverberation condition. Every recurrence band can be effectively fulfilled of broadband character on grounds that tie fix can be dealt with as a broadband impedance-coordinating structure. This examination exhibits a triple-band opened necktie monopole radio wire of WLAN/WiMAX/LTE applications with groups of 2.4– 2.7 GHz, 3.4– 3.7 GHz, & 5.2– 5.8 GHz. extent of proposed radio wire manufactured on a 0.8 mm-thick FR4 substrate with a dielectric steady of 4.2 without considering ground plane size is just mm. great assention between recreation comes about & estimation approves proposed configuration approach.
Page No. 63 - 68.

11 Challenges in Implementing the Ethical Norms in Research on Autistic Children in the Indian Context.
Shreya Barbara, Vaishna Narang.

Abstract—Human subjects are used in numerous research experiments, clinical or non clinical, which involves collection of data from them and later, analysis of data. The participants are exposed to primary risk of the research when the researcher attempts to collect, use and apply information accessed from the participants. This makes ethics in research a very vital subject while conducting research in human subjects. Research with children adds more dimensions to ethical norms where permission from parents / guardians are also required. Further, the magnitude of this vulnerability intensifies while research is conducted on children with special needs and protecting their rights and welfare become imperative. This paper looks into the issues on conducting research on autistic children. The intermingling of ethical principles, participants rights, research goals, socio-cultural context and working with very vulnerable special population brings out crucial issues for the researcher on implementing the ethical goals, which are discussed in the present study. This paper aims at identifying the challenges in implementing the ethical norms in research on autistic children in observation based studies in the Indian context. The participants are extremely vulnerable children with special needs. The objective of the paper is also to highlight the Indian socio-cultural environment which plays a critical role in research on human subjects. Finally, the paper arrives at tentative recommendations on how to treat autistic children as research participants and suggests appropriate modifications of current guidelines, wherever required, so that ethical norms are widely understood and adhered to. The need for awareness about ethical norms in research on human subject is stressed on. The present paper is based on case studies on 42 autistic children to develop diagnostics and therapeutic test batteries for the autistic children as reference. The challenges in implementing ethical norms while conducting research studies on these children are underlined. To discuss these vital issues, the study looks into the guidelines issued by the World Medical Association (WMA), the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (in association with World Health Organization WHO), the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and National Committee for Ethics in Social Science Research in Health (NCESSRH). The paper identified the challenges in the Indian context so that ethic norms are widely adhered to. Appropriate suggestions suitable for children with developmental disorder based on Indian context have been made. A research work on autism should contribute towards the welfare of the autistics and just treatment of participants in research calls for special attention.
Page No. 69 - 78.

12 A Survey:Antenna Design Structure for Massive MIMO.
Gautam Rai.

Abstract—Digital communication is emerging day by day with the fast internet and networking technology. There are recent trends and technology such as 4G and then 5G working in current market scenario. A dedicated antenna and service stations are working towards this structure and finally they are tends towards improving user experience. QoS is the main aspect where dealing with the antenna and mobile user communication. MIMO (multiple input and multiple output) is the latest trends working with antenna communication. Here the approach requirement is proper communication without any route deviation and mismatch. A discussion about the 5G communication and enhancement need a proper approach for route communication. In this paper a work towards understanding of past author scheme for deriving 5G communication in wireless network is discussed. A discussion of approach for communication, their work advantage and limitation is also presented in our paper. This paper discuss about the feeding network and approaches for effective communication.
Page No. 79 - 81.

13 Persons Characterization into Image Sequences Using a Shape Measure .
Ana Marcela Herrera Navarro, Julio Alejandro Romero González , Carlos Alberto Olmos Trejo, Diana Margarita Córdoba Esparza, Hugo Jiménez Hernández.

Abstract—The characterizing of persons in real time is a topic of interest in computer vision. In this work we develop an method of persons characterization. Particularly, the proposal is divided in 3 stages: 1) In a first stage, Mixture of Gaussians (MOG) is used to detected each objection movement,the contour of the foreground isanalysed with the radius distribution. Finally, for each block a measure of dispersion based in radius distribution, considering the maximum sparse criterion is proposed.
Page No. 82 - 85.

14 Software Test Automation: An algorithm for solving system management Automation problems
Vivek Singh, Niresh Sharma, SRK University, Bhopal

Abstract—In software industry, automation plays a major role for improving the test efficiency of software test organisation. For ensuring test coverage satisfaction and thereby reducing risk, projects use more people for manual testing or use automation tools or techniques to improve the level of test automation. The choice of selection depends on reduction in project cycle time or reduction in time for test. This paper discusses about software automation steps and explains an algorithm for addressing the issues faced in system management automation of various services like DHCP, DNS, Firewall etc. Paper is written based on author’s experience using various automation frame works.
Page No. 82 - 85.