IJAIR- Volume 6 Issue 6 (June 2017)


Sr/No/ Title Pdf
1 Analysis of Motivational Attributes on Goals Satisfaction among Mechatronics Engineering Students
N.Kuppuswamy, L.Feroz Ali, L.Mubara Ali, K.P.Parthiban

Abstract — This study empirically examines the connection among activity safety, equal treatment of personnel, good revenue, process pleasure, properly operating circumstance, and reward for fulfillment via the students of the department Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics Engineering of Maharaja Engineering College, Avinashi, Tamilnadu through the use of self-designed questionnaires containing 20 attributes. The sample size became 294 so 294 questionnaires were disbursed and only forty had been selected. Evaluation became finished the usage of Microsoft excel and the result concludes that there's a sizeable wonderful relationship among college students’ motivation and their profession boom. Activity protection, identical remedy of personnel, and pleasant goals have been decided on through the above Engineering college students. Consequently it could be concluded that the motivation is the very crucial aspect in estimating the behavior of the character.

2 Secrecy for Images Uploaded by User over Social Media
P. Geethanjally, K. Arunkumar

Abstract — Social media has attracted vast number of users to share their personal information with other users. Privacy becomes a major problem since the information might be shared by ‘n’ number of users. An Adaptive Privacy Policy Prediction framework has been devised in order to provide security to the information. The framework helps the users to create security measures for the information shared through the social sites. User’s privacy preferences such as the role of image, image’s metadata are considered as the measures. A policy prediction technique has been generated in order to automatically upload the user images. In addition to this, an image classification framework is used for association of images with similar policies. The main objective of this paper is to provide a substantial method for privacy policy recommendations in order to improve the security of the shared information in the social sites.

3 A Two Phase Sampling Estimator of Population Mean Using Auxiliary Information
R. Karan Singh, Peeyush Misra, V. S. Singh

Abstract — This paper provides a two phase sampling estimator of population mean using auxiliary information. Its bias and mean square error are found. Comparative studies with some of the well known estimators have been done. An empirical study is also given as an illustration.

4 Implementation of Fast keyword search using Public-Key Ciphertexts with Hidden Structures (FKSCH)
Srinath K S, GovindRaj J, Kirti Kumari, Poojitha. M, Pintu Kumar

Abstract — In today’s world, various methods are being deployed to establish a secure communication, fast keyword searching, and retrieval completeness over a network. The existing semantic secure Public-key Encryption with Keyword Search (PEKS) takes linear search time with the total number of cipher texts which makes it time consuming. The retrieval of keywords from the large-scale database is complex and restricted. To tackle with this drawback, our paper proposes complete system that implements a Fast keyword search using Public-Key Ciphertexts with Hidden Structures (FKSCH) for fast keyword search without sacrificing the linguistic security of encrypted keywords. The searchable cipher text keywords are structured by hidden relations, which reveal only a part of information to match the cipher text efficiently by preserving the privacy of the data. Hence the time taken by SPCHS for the keyword search depends on actual number of cipher text containing queried keyword rather than the whole cipher text in the cloud database. Our scheme satisfies the standard rules of Random Oracle model and proves to be better than standard model.

5 SSH over Telnet
Anjali Chava, Sravani Alwala

Abstract — In recent days most of the computing works rely on remote systems. There are many protocols to communicate with remote systems. But most of these protocols are found to be vulnerable. Telnet is famous protocol to remote communications. One of the biggest disadvantages of this protocol is all information even private information like passwords and usernames is in plain text. SSH overcomes this disadvantage. SSH uses encryption, which means data in secured format that is data is sent unique for sender and receiver.

6 Design of an Improved Positive Output Super-Lift LUO Converter using Drift Free Technique for Photovoltaic Applications Integrated with Single Phase Grid Connected Photo Voltaic System (GCPS)
Babul Kumar, S. Amirtharaj

Abstract — It is a compact and simple circuitry which converts the DC output power of a PV Cell/Panel to the 6 times than the actual value using Improved positive output super-lift luo converter with drift-free technique with application of Perturb and Observe MPPT algorithm for maximum power point tracking- a drift free technique. It has integrated with Single Phase converter which converts improved output into AC signal which enable the system to be compatible with Grid System.

7 The effect of RHA reinforcement on the Microstructure, Mechanical properties and Dry sliding wear behavior of Recycled waste Aluminium Can
Syed Sha Muzamil, Mir Safiulla, Avinash L

Abstract — Investigations on the mechanical and wear behavior of Al MMCs produced with the use of agro waste ashes as complementing reinforcement are quite limited in literature. In this present work, metal matrix composites have been produced from discarded aluminium cans and rice husk ash (RHA). The aim of this work is to study mechanical and wear resistance properties of the produced Aluminum can/RHA MMCs.The study presents the results of experimental investigation on mechanical and wear behavior of rice husk ash (RHA) reinforced discarded aluminium cans. The influence of reinforced ratio of 0, 3, 6 and 9 weight percentage of rice husk ash (RHA) particles on mechanical behavior and Wear properties w a s examined. The castings were prepared by liquid metallurgy route. This work is also aimed at providing solution to menaces associated with poor management of Aluminium cans and RHA through recycling of these waste materials. It embraces conversion of waste into wealth which on a large scale production will enhance technological development and economic growth.

8 Marathi Digit Recognition System based on MFCC and LPC features
Pukhraj P. Shrishrimal, Ratnadeep R. Deshmukh, Ganesh B. Janwale, Devyani S. Kulkarni

Abstract — This paper presents the Marathi digit recognition system based on MFCC and LPC feature using confusion matrix. The speech database used for this work is unique as it consists the speech samples recorded in regular environment with background noise and with a huge variation in the pronunciation as the speakers belongs to different places around the Aurangabad city. The recognition rate achieved is less but it is a first attempt for developing the digit recognition system using the developed speech database. Keywords— Automatic Speech

9 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) In Centre Indian Environment
Shivya parasher, Abhay Kumar Sharma

Abstract — Since the IPCC report 2007established: “it is very likely that global warming nowadays is manmade”, it becomes obviously that the emission of CO2 have to be reduced drastically. The greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration for 2010 was 39% above the preindustrial level. Therefore the warming trend has increased significantly over the last 50 years. Nevertheless, cold-fired power plants are still the basis of electricity production all over the world. In order to work against this trend research and political influence is necessary to avoid the negative impact of the global warming. Based on the history of industrial development the industrialized nations have the responsibility to decrease their individual emissions, as well as supporting developing countries by doing so. The high solar irradiation form 2500kw/m2/y in some parts of India and the high share of direct radiation concentrated solar power plants (CSP) are an excellent option for as us. It is generally assumed that CSP systems are economic only for locations with direct normal irradiation (DNI) above 1800 kWh/m2/year (about5 kWh/m2/day). In the present study, regions of Central India are investigated to install CSP plants by using the accessible measured data of global horizontal irradiation (GHI) from 6metropolises. A computational code changes the measured GHI to DNI and by relating the calculated data, six most capable city area of Central India are nominated as the case study. By applying topographical, radiation and climate logical parameters to SAM software, the electricity capacity of these cities for a typical CSP plant are evaluated. The selected CSP plant is a parabolic trough (PT) power plant with capacity of 50 MW and 4 hour thermal storage. Results show that areas around the cities of Bhopal and Indore have more solar energy prospective to begin CSP plants in Central India.

10 Energy Management System using Remote Data Logging
K.Ashokraja, Dr.K.Karppasamy

Abstract — Network based systematic method is used for energy management system. Energy management systems are often commonly used by individual commercial entities to monitor, measure, and control their electrical building loads. An energy management system (EMS) is a system of computer-aided tools used by operators of electric utility grids to monitor, control, and optimize the performance of the generation and/or transmission system. A network topology is the arrangement of a network, including its nodes and connecting lines. Using the network topologies the measuring instruments are connected together as a network and communicate to system via Modbus TCP/IP protocol. Energy readings at remote location are monitored and logged into energy management software. From the energy management software the data are used for further development.

11 Implementation of Region Based Medical Image Compression for Telemedicine Application

Abstract — Many classes of images contain spatial regions which are more important than other regions. Compression methods capable of delivering higher reconstruction quality for important parts are attractive in this situation. For medical images, only a small portion of the image might be diagnostically useful, but the cost of a wrong interpretation is high. Hence, Region Based Coding (RBC) technique is significant for medical image compression and transmission. Lossless compression schemes with secure transmission play a key role in telemedicine applications that help in accurate diagnosis and research. In this project, we propose lossless scalable RBC for Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) the images based on Integer Wavelet Transform (IWT) and with the distortion limiting compression technique for other regions in image. The main objective of this work is to reject the noisy background and reconstruct the image portions losslessly. The compressed image can be accessed and sent over telemedicine network using personal digital assistance (PDA) like mobile.

12 Real-time Traffic Sign Detection, Collision Detection and Vehicle Tracking using GPS/GPRS for Smart Automotives
Swathi M, Uma S

Abstract — In this project we develop an efficient traffic sign detection, collision detection with GPS facility for tracking the smart automotives. Traffic sign recognition (TSR) is a technology by which vehicle able to recognize the traffic sign put on the road, for example: speed limit or turn ahead. Traffic Sign Recognition tells the driver if he has to stop or if he is speeding. Alternatively, a system is used to detect the accident rate by taking either passive or active measures to deal with upcoming collisions. Collision Detection refers to the computation problem of detecting the intersection of two or more objects. In addition to determine whether two objects have collided, collision detection system calculates the time of impact and report a set of intersecting points. Global positioning system(GPS) tracking is a method of working out exactly something is GPS tracking uses global navigation satellite system(GNSS) network. This network incorporates a range of satellite that uses microwave signal that are transmitted to GPS devices to give the information on location, vehicle speed time and direction.

13 Tuning of PID Controller Using Particle Swarm Optimization Technique for DC Motor Speed Control
Dharmendra Tiwari, Kuldeep Kumar Swarnkar

Abstract — Design of PID controller for speed regulation of DC motor is presented in this paper. A PID (Proportional Integral Derivative) controller is a common instrument used in industrial control applications. A PID controller can be used for regulation of speed, temperature, flow, pressure and other process variables. Field mounted PID controllers can be placed close to the sensor or the control regulation device and be monitored centrally using a SCADA system. In comparison with conventional PID, FOPID is more flexible and trustworthy to control higher order systems. According to parameters adjustment problems of PID controller, particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is adopted to optimize PID controller parameters. Peak overshoot, rise time and settling time are considered as important factors to minimize using PSO technique. Simulation results give validation of the proposed work and provide effectiveness of PID controller in terms of robustness and control effect as compared to PID controller.

14 Simulation study of Quality Video Oriented delivery over Wimax
Kirandeep Kaur, Khushboo Bansal, Neha Soni

Abstract — WiMax means worldwide interoperability for Microwave Access. WiMax is also a component of 4G Technology like LTE. WiMax network provide higher speed and data transmission rates than Wi Fi. WiMax is based on IEEE 802.16 standard. IEEE 802.16d for fixed networks and IEEE 802.16e for Mobile networks.it provides higher speed than WiFi Network. WiMax is used for the MAN which stands for Metropolitan Area network.

15 Simulation study of Evaluation of TCP Variant over Wimax
Sumanpreet Kaur, Khushboo Bansal, Neha Soni

Abstract — WiMax deals with many packet losses. This type of losses found in network due to Congestion. It can be managed by TCP congestion control mechanism .In 4G wimax there are some recent development in the network introduce new services to improve TCP’s efficiency and resource utilization. In this paper, we implement various TCP protocol’s favors on Wimax networks. TCP is reliable protocol but with a problem of slow start. This paper simulates the efficiency of different TCP variants i.e. TCP RENO, TCP TAHOE, TCP SACK and TCP NEWRENO. Performance comparison is done between all of these TCP variants on Wimax network. Simulation results shows that which TCP version perform better in Wimax network. These protocols are inspected based on TCP connection (Congestion Window)’.and segment delay retransmission.

16 Changeable Surface Fusion in Steganography
R.Bhuvaneshwar, B.Rajesh Kumar

Abstract — Reversible texture synthesis process is proposed for steganograpy. Resampling a smaller texture image synthesis a new texture image. The texture synthesis process is merged into steganography so as to hide secret messages. When compared with the earlier works, this algorithm works on hiding the source texture image and the secret messages are implanted with the help of texture synthesis. The required secret messages are extracted and as well as source texture is also isolated from a stego synthetic texture. This algorithm has two advantages. 1. The implanting capacity is proportional to the size of the stego texture image. 2. Recovery of source texture is possible due to the reversible texture synthesis. It is clearly understood that from the experimental results the proposed algorithm offers various implanting capacities, obtains visually credible texture images and recovers the source texture.

17 Impact of opportunistic factors on Rheumatoid arthritis
Ausaf Ahmad, T.B Singh, Usha, Navin Kumar

Abstract — Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune diseasein which body mistakenly considers some parts of its own system as pathogens and attacks them. Prevalence of approximately 0.75% in India. About 40% diseased become work disabled within 5 years from onset of symptoms. The objectives of this paper are to correlate incidence rate and the associated sign/ symptoms of clinically suspected patients. The study is based on 290 clinically suspected subjects. Cross-sectional cohort study design was used. Clinically suspected cases were referred by different OPD’s of Sir Sunderlal Hospital for screening. Along with results of these tests other socio-demographic, economic information were also carried through structured pre-tested schedule method Study concluded that the differences observed among the various blood tests and positivity rate was found statistically highly significant. Although the study found substantiation of maximum percentages of RA patients having knee difficulty besides related studies in Indian context. Detection of AntiCCP is thoroughly practicable for the diagnosis of RA, in fact even RF likewise quite valuable for diagnosis of RA and combination of testing for both RF and AntiCCP may be even more useful in comparison to individual test.

18 Carbon isotope discrimination (Δ13C) as a physiological marker for shade tolerance in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Krishnaprasad B.T, Savitha A, Bindumadhava, H, Krishnamurthy K.S

Abstract — Light is the major limiting factor for intensive agriculture. Harnessing the light energy efficiently or developing the crop genotypes that yield better under low light is the need of the hour. However, due to non availability of easily quantifiable tool, the screening for shade tolerance has become complex. Hence, an attempt was made in this investigation to employ the Carbon Isotope Discrimination (13C) as a physiological marker/tool in assessing the extent of shade tolerance in black pepper, as it has plant types differing in shade tolerance. On the basis of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR), different shade levels of 50, 65 and 90 percent were created using shade nets. The growth and physiological parameters were measured periodically. Among the genotypes, the one which has relatively high adaptation to the shade has shown to utilize the light more efficiently thus maintaining low Ci, and hence the low 13C . It also maintained higher photosynthetic rate and lower transpiration rate. In this paper we discuss the physiological basis for this variation and currently we are contemplating to test the same hypothesis in other shade loving species too.

19 Reuse of Treated Waste Water in Construction Industry
Sameer N. Shinde, Kamlesh V. Madurwar, Nitesh B. Thikare

Abstract — This paper attention on the reuse of treated waste water in construction business which helps to reutilize the waste water. The current water problem in India, there should to seem for other sources of water. India discharges Treated Waste Water (TWW) in natural water bodies, which can be used in construction activity. In this paper we focus on the use of Primary Treated Waste Water (PTWW), Secondary Treated Waste Water (STWW), and Tap Water (TW) for the mixing of concrete and the strength Parameters of water were tested which was found well as per IS 456-2000 limits. TWW tests were for the making of concrete and taking a compressive strength, concrete cubes for 7, 14 and 28 days and tensile strength on cylinder and for flexural strength beams were casted for 28 days. Hence results for PTWW, STWW and TW suggested STWW is appropriate for using in construction industry.

20 Seed Germination and Viability Improvement in Eryngium Foetidum through Priming and Chemicals
S. N. Mozumder, M. M. Hossain, S. Akter, B. K. Goswami

Abstract — Seed germination and field performance of Eryngium foetidum or Bilatidhonia using physical factors and chemical treatment was studied at the field laboratory of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University during July 2012 to June 2013 to reduce seed cost increasing germination rate of Bilatidhonia. Experiment comprised with two factors viz. three seed treatment comprising growth regulator (GA3 500ppm+Kinetin 50 ppm), pesticide (copper oxi-chloride 0.2% + tetracycline 1000 ppm) and control (distilled water) with six soaking levels viz. 0, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours soaking with 8 hours consecutive soaking and 4 hours drying. Treatment of seeds with growth regulator and priming of seeds enhanced seed germination in the field and laboratory. Consecutive 96 hours soaking and drying (8 hours soaking and 4 hours drying) of Eryngium seeds treated with GA3 500 ppm and Kinetin 50 ppm gave the maximum germination percentage (74.7%) and enhanced germination (12.0 days). Chemicals (Tetracycline plus copper oxichloride) had no significant effect on germination compared to untreated seeds thus showed poor germination.

21 Discrete Wavelet Transform, Singular Value Decomposition and Automorphism based adaptive Image watermarking with high PSNR
Om Narayan Mishra

Abstract — Watermarking is a method to hide the image efficiently into any covering object (image in our case) so any intruder cannot interpret it by any means. Proposed work is a new design of image watermarking which include pre-processing of cover image with Discrete Wave Transform (DWT) and Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) Proposed work using an alphanumeric key which initially modifies the watermark using simple ‘XOR’ operation, and at the receiver end this key must be there so receiver can extract the watermark. Proposed work is also using torus Automorphism which initially change the watermark into a scramble format which cannot be recognition as original watermark. The work is been design and tested on MATLAB 2013 simulator.

22 Design & verification of MS-CMOS logic based 64 bit ALU with optimal 64 bit adder
Aashima Mishra, Utsav Malviya

Abstract — The arithmetic logic unit (ALU) is core of a CPU in a computer. In ALU, adders play a major role not only in addition however also in performing many other basic arithmetic operations such as subtraction, multiplication, etc. most executed operation in data path is addition, which necessary a binary adder that adds two given numbers. Adders also play a vital role in lot complex computations such as multiplication, division & decimal operations. Hence, an efficient implementation of binary adder is crucial to an efficient data path. Using Monotonic- Static CMOS (MS-CMOS) logic, A 64-bit ALU has been designed with a feature size of 25nm. MS-CMOS is a low power, high speed logic family which may be seen as an intermediate logic design style in-between standard Static CMOS & Dynamic CMOS. In present work we have shown successful implementation of Critical units of ALU using MS-CMOS logic while rest of modules are implemented using static CMOS. designed ALU operates at a frequency of 1.25 GHz with a dual supply of 1.2-0.6 Volt. A modified carry-lookahead adder is used in ALU design which is considerably faster than ripple carry adder. Since Adder is main performance bottleneck in ALU design, improved adder design reduces critical path delay & improves overall performance. Also, concept of dual power supply is applied to reduce power consumption of whole circuit. Higher power supply (1.2V) is used to drive arithmetic unit components which lie in critical path whereas lower power supply (0.6V) drives logical unit. This saves nearly 75% of power consumption in logical unit & accounts for lot than 18% of total power consumed in ALU. designed ALU, performs basic arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, increment, decrement, transfer & logical operations such as AND, OR, XOR, NOT with logical, arithmetic & circular shifts in both direction.

23 A High Speed Axi2ahb Interfacing Bridge Design for Amba Based SOC Architecture
Ruchi Sharma, Prof. Devyanshu Rao

Abstract — Microprocessor performance has improved rapidly these years. In contrast memory latencies and bandwidths have improved little We are using advanced microcontroller bus architecture with its advanced high performance bus. The Advanced Microcontroller Bus Architecture (AMBA) is a widely used interconnection standard for System on Chip (SoC) design. In order to support high-speed pipelined data transfers, AMBA supports a rich set of bus signals, making the analysis of AMBA-based embedded systems a challenging proposition. The goal of this work is to synthesize and simulate complex interface bridge between Advanced High performance Bus (AHB) and Advanced Peripheral Bus (APB) known as AHB2APB Bridge. To achieve high performance proposed architecture is FSM based pipelined APB-to-AHP Bridge and Vice-versa. This also involves the Back notation for Synthesized of Bridge module and to perform Functional and Timing Simulation using Xilinx ISE.

24 Implementation of DC-DC Boost Converter for Fuel Cell System
A.Inba Rexy, Jayarama Pradeep

Abstract — Fuel cell powered systems are considered attractive because of their various advantages, such as high efficiency, low pollution and low noise. A DC-DC converter having a high turn ratio transformer is needed in such a system, to boost the low voltage battery to a high level, to enable the DC-AC conversion and to provide isolation. The high turn’s ratio of the transformer causes a high leakage inductance, and therefore, reduces efficiency, and increases difficulty in control of the DCDC converter. In this project a new DC-DC converter for low voltage residential power generation system is presented. The converter uses the leakage inductance for energy conversion, which not only reduces the problems of low efficiency and difficulty of control, caused by leakage inductance, but also eliminates the need for a separate inductor. Lack of a separate inductor reduces the cost the DC-DC converter. Also, soft switching is employed for some of the switches to reduce the switching losses. Consequently, the DC-DC converter has low cost and high efficiency. Simulation results are presented here.

25 Evaluations of combination of parameters for ARC welding by using hybrid technique
Vivek Sinha, Nitin Shukla

Abstract — The experiments have been conducted on (Grade IS: 2062) mild steel specimens under L27 orthogonal array Taguchi design for TIG welding input process parameters i.e. current (I), voltage (V) and Root gaps (Rg). Later deposition rate, hardness and tensile strength of weld and green quality, worker performance, noise generation and surface defects/ appearance have been considered as quantitative and qualitative objectives function, respectively. Next, Fuzzy Interference System (FIS) modeling of qualitative excluding the quantitative objectives have carried out. After defuzzification of qualitative objectives function, a hybrid approach is applied for Evaluation of combination of parameters for TIG ARC welding.

26 Evaluations of combination of parameters for ARC welding by using RSA technique
Vivek Sinha, Nitin Shukla

Abstract — The experiments have been conducted on (Grade IS: 2062) mild steel specimens under L27 orthogonal array Taguchi design for TIG welding input process parameters i.e. current (I), voltage (V) and Root gaps (Rg). Later deposition rate, hardness and tensile strength of weld and green quality, worker performance, noise generation and surface defects/ appearance have been considered as quantitative and qualitative objectives function, respectively. Next, Fuzzy Interference System (FIS) modeling of qualitative excluding the quantitative objectives have carried out. After defuzzification of qualitative objectives function, a RSA (Ration System Analysis) approach is applied for Evaluation of combination of parameters for TIG ARC welding.