IJAIR- Volume 5 Issue 7 (July 2016)


Sr/No/ Title Pdf
1 Web Application Performance Testing using LoadRunner Testing Tool
Amandeep, Rajkumar, Gaurav Chawla

Abstract — The aim of this study is the analysis and presentation of some ideas on performance testing of web application. In this paper, we made the plan of a performance testing of web application which is running on local host IIS (Internet Information Services), and got results by means of the LoadRunner which is an automatic load testing tool. We fully considered the characteristics of web application, designed the reasonable test cases, and simulated the practical scenario. In the process of running LoadRunner, we arranged the appropriate test script and test scenario, and designed the truthful test network environment. Performance testing tool LoadRunner is used to determine the responsiveness, throughput, reliability and scalability of a system under a given workload. The plan was applied to the performance testing phase of the online movie ticket booking web application. We analyzed the load testing results, proposed the improving measures, and also found the defect of the system when the massive users access the system and guided the system improvement using the test result.

2 Experimental Validation & Redesign of Wheel to Improve the Strength to Withstand the Operating Load
Hemanth M. S., Aravind K. U., Dr. Maruthi B. H., Guruprasad H. L.

Abstract — Wheel is used in combination with axles used in facilitating transportation. Wheels are used in different applications. In this project we are concerned with improving the strength of the wheel to withstand the operating load. The wheel has to pass different tests before it is put into operation. Axial compression test and cornering fatigue test are the important tests among them and fatigue life of the wheel is calculated. The problem occurring with the base model of the wheel is studied firstly. The automotive wheel has to meet certain load carrying capacity during operation should and should adhere to some running conditions. But wheel manufactured sometimes will be unable to carry the expected loads and this must be validated with experimental results using FE methods. If the model is failing then one has to develop conceptual designs which are having more strength than previous design. And these models are checked numerically whether these designs are better than base design or not. A best design is suggested among these models which is having more strength than base design.

3 Review on Energy-Awaring Routing Protocols in Wirelesss Sensor Network
Chitra Saini, Harkesh Sehrawat

Abstract —A Wireless Sensor Network is a network made up of thousands of sensing nodes able to sense, compute and communicate. A node can be either static or mobile in nature. Energy-Efficiency is an important topic in sensor nodes as they are powered by batteries with limited capacity and it is difficult to replace and recharge them. In Wireless Sensor Network, Energy-Efficiency is a noteworthy issue as the lifetime of the whole WSN depends on the sensors with limited energy resource. It directs researchers to search for enhancing energy efficiency in different routing protocols or generate a new one that reduces energy consumption during data transmission, less delay overhead, decrease energy requirement for route maintenance and increase packet delivery ratio.

4 Design and Analysis of Punch and Dieof Blanking tool for Hinge Butterfly
Jayaprakash CB, Dr.D.Ramegowda

Abstract — The Prediction of this paper is to show a analysis configuration of blanking tool to make hinge butterfly component. The approach is made to think about the procedure to be taken after to acquire an exact clear part to produce a hinge butterfly component. The methodology is connected to the Aluminum sheet metal of 2mm in thickness. The outcomes are watched for the stress, strain and the displacement on the punch and die in the blanking tool. On the other hands of the outcomes the HCHCR material taken for the outline is said to be as the best appropriate material for punch and die.

5 Quality Assessment of Various Brands of Bottled Water Marketed in Port Harcourt
Happiness A. Orlu, Tubonimi J. K. Ideriah, Letura D. Akoro-ue

Abstract — The quality of selected brands of bottled water in Port Harcourt metropolis was determined for potability. Physicochemical and microbiological parameters were determined using standard methods. The results showed mean values of pH 4.30±0.01 to 6.35±0.12, EC 10.1±0.2 to 147.8±15.2μS/cm, Turbidity 0.0±0 to 0.8±0.1NTU, Salinity 0.0±0.0 to 0.06±0.0‰, TDS 6.9±1.2 to 102.9±5.2mg/l, Cl - 2.0±0.2 to 7.9±0.3mg/l, SO4 2-<1.0 to 1.6±0.2mg/l, PO4 3-<0.05 to 0.08±0.01mg/l, NO3 - 1.0±0.01 to 2.57±0.05mg/l, Hardness 3.8±0.2 to 7.7±0.4mg/l, Alkalinity 4.0±0.1 to 6.0±0.2mg/l, Ca2+ 0.8±0.2 to 2.3±0.1mg/l, Mg2+ 0.5±0.1 to 1.4±0.1mg/l, Mn2+<0.001 to 0.174±0.1mg/l, Fe2+<0.001mg/l, total heterotrophic bacteria 10±0.1cfu/ml, total and faecal coliforms 0.0MPN/100ml. All the results were below permissible limits for potable water recommended by SON, NAFDAC and WHO indicating the potability of the bottled waters. The pH and total heterotrophic bacterial levels portend heath concern. It was recommended that the pH needs to be raised and all the water should be properly treated..

6 Comparative Analysis of Ant miner And Ant miner+ Algorithms based on breast cancer and tictac- toe data sets
Veena Dahiya, Chhavi Rana

Abstract — This work describes a new algorithm for classification, named AntMiner+, based on an artificial ant system with inherent self-organizing capabilities. The usage of ant systems generates scalable data mining solutions that are easily distributed and robust to failure. AntMiner+ uses a MAX-MIN ant system which is an improved version of the originally proposed ant system, yielding better performing classifiers. The algorithm used to discover such rules is inspired in the behavior of a real ant colony, as well as some concepts of information theory and data mining. We compare the performance of Antminer+ with Antminer , a well known data mining algorithm for classification, in two datasets.

7 A Small Scale waste Water Treatment Plant and Proposal for its Establishment over Raipur Institute of Technology Premises
Maharishi Upadhyay, Amit Khare

Abstract — Water is one of the world‟s most valuable resources, yet it is under constant threat due to climate change and resulting drought, explosive population growth, and waste. One of the most promising efforts to stem the global water crisis is industrial and municipal water reclamation and reuse. The WateReuse Association defines reused, recycled, or reclaimed water as “water that is used more than one time before it passes back into the natural water cycle.” Thus, water recycling is the reuse of treated wastewater for beneficial purposes such as agricultural and landscape irrigation, industrial processes, toilet flushing, or replenishing a groundwater basin (referred to as groundwater recharge). Water reuse allows communities to become less dependent on groundwater and surface water sources and can decrease the diversion of water from sensitive ecosystems. Additionally, water reuse may reduce the nutrient loads from wastewater discharges into waterways, thereby reducing and preventing pollution. This „new‟ water source may also be used to replenish overdrawn water sources and rejuvenate or re-establish those previously destroyed. The objective of this project is to give insight into the appropriate technology for treatment of wastewater. This project covers and discusses the sustainable wastewater treatment system targeting the small community such as Colleges, School, Commercial complex etc. where a small Wastewater Treatment Plant can be established with the optimum effluent standards and cost.

8 College Bus Tracking and Campus Notifications Using Android
M.Dhinesh Kumar, V.Nagaraj, M.Kalimuthu, M.Udhayamoorthi

Abstract — This paper proposes an Android Application for college Bus tracking and Campus Notification.This application consists of eight modules. They are tracking; Login, Profile, Circular Tray, Suggestion Box, Forum, End semester results and Library index.This Application will be very much helpful for the students to overcome their inconvenience with college. Students at any unfortunate condition will be late for bus pickup point; with this application students can track the location of the bus. This system makes use of GPS device and Google Map.The bus will be equipped with the GPS transmitter and the GPS receiver is used to receive signals and the locations are updated in the server frequently. Circulars will be sent as notification to the students, Students can post suggestions to the respective department, This application has Forum, So students will be able to discuss their ideas with faculties and co-students, End semester can be sent as message through this App, Students can have access to library index. This application will be helpful for students.

9 Emission control in modified KIRLOSKER TV-1 diesel engine by Aqua silencer
S.Maniamramasamy, P.Kaviyarasu1,B.Ravish kumar, R.Ranjith kumar, M.Ramar

Abstract — In the modern world Diesel engines are playing a vital role in Road and sea transport, agriculture, mining and many other industries. Considering the available fuel resources and the present technological development, Diesel fuel is evidently indispensable. In general, the consumption of fuel is an index for finding out the economic strength of any country. This paper is an attempt to reduce the toxic content of diesel exhaust, before it is emitted to the atmosphere. This system Reduction of obnoxious Exhaust particulates The principle involved is by bubbling the exhaust gas through the scrubber tank containing an alkaline solution, here the temperature of the gases are reduced, while most of the oxides of nitrogen in the exhaust are rendered non – toxic. The highly dangerous carbon monoxide is not such a menace in diesel exhaust, as it does not exceed 0.2 percent by volume, where as in petrol engines the CO content may be as high as 10 %. A lime stone container in the scrubber tank reduces the considerable percentage of sulphur – di – oxide presents in the exhaust. The provision of suitable baffles in the scrubber tank aids the turbulence so that, thorough scrubbing takes place. The bell – mouth solution, while reducing the back pressure.

10 On Vertex Polynomial of Comb and Crown
NE. Ebin Raja Merly, A. M. Anto

Abstract — Let be a graph. The vertex polynomial of the graph is defined as Σ , where and is the number of vertices of degree . In this paper we seek to find the vertex polynomial of Comb, Crown and some other Graphs.

11 Effective Use of ICT for Education and Learning by Drawing on Worldwide Knowledge: ICT as a Change Agent for Education

Abstract — Information and communication technologies (ICTs) - which include radio and television, as well as newer digital technologies such as computers and the Internet - have been touted as potentially powerful enabling tools for educational change and reform. When used appropriately, different ICTs are said to help expand access to education, strengthen the relevance of education to the increasingly digital workplace, and raise educational quality by, among others, helping make teaching and learning into an engaging, active process connected to real life.

12 Development, Characterization and Evaluation of Drug Delivery Systems (Polymeric Matrix Film and Niosomes) of Aceclofenac
Jitender Singh, D.C. Bhatt, Mithlesh Kumar, Bhawna Sharma

Abstract — The aim of the study is Development, Characterization and Evaluation of drug delivery systems (Polymeric matrix film and niosomes) of Aceclofenac. Polymeric matrix film formulations and niosomes formulations were prepared by solvent evaporation technique and modified ether injection technique respectively. These formulations were characterized using different parameters including % Cumulative drug release. Formulations showing best results were compared for % cumulative drug release through dialysis membrane and excised rat skin and release rate data were fitted into different kinetic models.

13 Polymeric Nanoparticles of Ketoprofen: Formulation and Characterization
Sandeep Kumar, D.C. Bhatt, Mithlesh Kumar, Bhawna Sharma

Abstract — In the present study polymeric nanoparticles of Ketoprofen were developed using sodium alginate and Chitosan. The nanoparticles were prepared by ionotropic gelation method. The effect of variables like polymer concentration (sodium alginate, chitosan), surfactant (Tween 80) concentration and cross-linking agent (glutaraldehyde) was studied. The influence of the order of addition of chitosan & calcium chloride on particle size, polydispersity index was also investigated. Ketoprofen loaded alginate Nanoparticles displayed a particle size in the range of approximately 219-466 nm. Glutaraldehyde, cross-linking agent was found to have no significant effect on particle size. The entrapment efficiency (EE) of the nanoparticles increased with increase in concentration of polymers (Sodium alginate, Chitosan) while loading capacity (LC) decreased. Glutaraldehyde was found to increase both EE and LC. The result indicated that drug loaded nanoparticles may be effective for sustained delivery of Ketoprofen.

14 Design And Analysis Of Punch And Die For Cropping Tool Of Bridge Frame Component
Chetan R, Dr.D.Ramegowda

Abstract — The aim of this paper is to introduce a Design and analysis of punch and die of cropping tool to produce a bridge frame component. The approach is made to examine the procedure to be taken after to acquire a precise cropping part to produce a bridge frame. This approach is connected to the Cold Rolled Closed Annealed (CRCA) material which is in the form of tube of minimum thickness. The outcomes are watched for the stress and the displacement on the punch and die in the cropping tool. On the premise of the outcomes, the D2 material is taken for the outline is said to be as the best suitable for the punch and die.

15 Total Quality Management in Knitwear Industry with Reference to Coimbatore District

Abstract — Total Quality Management is a management approach that originated in the 1950's and has steadily become more popular since the early 1980's. Total Quality is a description of the culture, attitude and organization of a company that strives to provide customers with products and services that satisfy their needs. The culture requires quality in all aspects of the company's operations, with processes being done right the first time and defects and waste eradicated from operations. Total Quality Management, TQM, is a method by which management and employees can become involved in the continuous improvement of the production of goods and services. It is a combination of quality and management tools aimed at increasing business and reducing losses due to wasteful practices.

16 Review on High Performance Adder Design for Multimedia Applications
Dolly Kaushik, Shweta Agrawal

Abstract — Multimedia applications on the portable devices are raising exponentially. To achieve high performance, different algorithmic level efforts are done. Along with these, high performance adders are gaining more popularity due to usage in signal processing. Since the multimedia applications produce output used for the human consumption, these applications can accept small amount of error due to limited perception of human sense. Therefore, different approximate adders are developed in the literature. In this paper, an exhaustive literature review is done and then the performance of the existing adder designs is evaluated and compared. These existing designs are implemented and simulated with benchmark input to compute the efficacy of one over the other existing architectures. The designs are modelled on MATLAB and Tanner, simulated with benchmark inputs and then quality and design metrics are evaluated and compared.

17 Design, Development and Characterization of Hydrogel Beads for Colon-Specific Delivery of an Anti-Inflammatory Agent
Mithlesh Kumar, D.C. Bhatt, Bhawna Sharma

Abstract — Site specific delivery systems offer several advantages over traditional therapyincluding enhanced pharmacological response, omission of first pass metabolism and lowered side effects etc. Colon-specific drug-delivery systems also offer several potential therapeutic advantages not only in a number of colonic diseases such as Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Colorectal Cancer and Spastic colon, but also in the systemic delivery of protein and peptide drugs. Mesalamine (5-ASA) has well established anti-inflammatory activity and it is the first line drug for the management of ulcerative colitis. The drug is to be delivered to the colon for its local action against inflammation. But, 5-ASA is rapidly absorbed from the small intestine and there is little localization of Mesalamine in the colon relative to the small intestine. The main objective of the present study was to design and evaluate oral colon targeted delivery system based on utilizing specific biodegradability of natural polymers like sodium alginate. Sodium alginate when used alone, results in drug leaching during hydrogel preparation and rapid dissolution at higher pH, resulting in very low entrapment efficiency and burst release of entrapped drug, once it enters the intestine. To overcome these limitations, another natural polysaccharide, guargum was included in the alginate matrix along with a cross linking agent, gluteraldehyde to ensure maximum encapsulation efficiency and controlled drug release. The beads having an alginate to guar gum (7:1) showed desirable characters like better encapsulation efficiency and bead forming properties in the preliminary studies. The glutaraldehyde concentration giving maximum (83.6±2.04%) encapsulation efficiency and the most appropriate swelling characteristics was found to be 0.5% (w/v). Presence of guar gum and glutaraldehyde crosslinking increases entrapment efficiency and prevents the rapid dissolution of alginate in higher pH of the intestine, ensuring a controlled release of the entrapped drug.

Mohammed Yunus Mulla, Dr D Ramegowda

Abstract — diverse segments/parts utilized as a part of Mechanical industry are made by sheet metal. They can be created by various cold pressing forms. This paper introduces a configuration of press tool punch and die for the forming operation. Punch is enforced in which, forming is performed in the same single station and finished in the single press cycle. This paper describe methodology to design top forming punch, center forming punch and bottom forming die. The methodology is made to the low carbon steel sheet metal of 1.5 mm thickness as the outcomes and examination of punch and die are shown

19 Design and Development of Manually Controlled, Fly Insects Repellent Window
Rakesh K K, Pankaj R J, Dr. A K Murthy

Abstract — Controls of dipterous creepy crawlies are a couple of things of most extreme significance inside of the blessing day with rising scope of mosquito borne infections. Deforestation partner degreed industrialized cultivating additionally are 2 of the components incurring a danger increment inside of the change of mosquitoes. Claim to fame item like dipterous bug repellent wont to battle mosquito's region unit required. Each of the item utilized for dipterous creepy crawly administration have variable degrees of viability. Dipterous bug anti-agents were concentrated on amid this audit that livelihood to repulse mosquitoes. Configuration and advancement of mosquito repellent window is basic with its most profitable components which is a solitary shot establishment with less upkeep cost. The expense of this item falls in thousands when then this item is mass delivered so that everybody can bear the cost of effortlessly which likewise helps them in slaughtering mosquitoes and aides in lessening mosquito infections, for example, intestinal sickness, dengue and other fatal maladies this item doesn't bring about ecological contamination besides decreases skin disturbance , eye bothering, troublesome of breathing chemicals so me and my educator we trust this item can broadly succeed in business sector which additionally fulfills a need of executing hazardous mosquitoes.

20 Design Modification of High Pressure Casting Die to Improve the Fatigue Life
Pavan Jakkapppanavar, Dr.Satish Babu B, Dr. Maruthi B. H.

Abstract — The die casting is the process in which molten metal tends to flow in to the mould cavity under high temperature and pressure. During high pressure die casting, molten aluminum at temperatures 600–710oC is injected into the mould at velocities between 30 and 100 m/s. The Injection pressures are between 50 and 80 MPa. The mould cavity/die is created by using hardened tool steel of grade H13. Due to pressure and thermal fluctuating loads during operation and stoppage, possibility of fatigue failure is very high (Crack formation). This leads to reduction in die life. Since the dies are expensive, the numbers of components produced per die needs to be increased to make it economical and more profitable to the companies. Tool changing or down time due to failure of die needs to be avoided. In the current scenario, a die which is under use is having a capacity to produce some number components before it is been replaced. The objective of this project is to improve the life of die to increase the capacity of parts produced (20%) to reduce frequent die changing/repairing cost.

21 Implementation of FPGA based Design for digital signal processing
Neeraj Soni, Uttam Mishra, Amit Jain

Abstract — Implementing hardware design in Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) is a formidable task. There is more than one way to implement the dsp design for fft processor and digital FIR filter. Based on the design specification, careful choice of implementation method and tools can save a lot of time and work. There are toolboxes available to generate VHDL(Verilog) descriptions of the filters which reduce dramatically the time required to generate a solution. Time can be spent valuating different implementation alternatives. Proper choice of the computation algorithms can help the FPGA architecture to make it efficient in terms of speed and/or area.

22 Detecting Intruders and Packet Modifiers in Wireless Sensor Networks
Mr.Selvaraj.Navaneethan, Dr.A.Kathirvel, G.Bharathikannan, Mr.N.Rajaragupathi, Mr.L.Ayyappan

Abstract — Multicast transmission can create a data loss and packet modifiers in wireless sensor networks. A routing tree routed at the sink is first established. When sensor data are transmitted along with the tree structure towards sink. At each packet sender add a small number of extra bits called packet marks. The packet marks deliberately designed such that sink obtain useful information. The sink can figure dropping associated with every sensor by node categorization algorithm (NDS) to identify nodes that are dropped modifiers. Tree structure is dynamically changes every time that depend upon interval and behavior of nodes. Node behavior is accumulated periodically. The proposed algorithm identifies most likely bad nodes from suspiciously bad nodes. Soundness of the proposal will be tested in prominent Network Simulator.

23 Effect of Silica Fume on Steel Slag Concrete
Dyaga Raju1 , Vallepu Vishnu vardhan

Abstract — Concrete is the most versatile construction material because it can be designed to withstand the harshest environments while taking on the most inspirational forms. Engineers are continually pushing the limits to improve its performance with the help of innovative chemical admixtures and supplementary cementitious materials. Nowadays, most concrete mixture contains supplementary cementitious material which forms part of the cementitious component. These materials are majority byproducts from other processes. The main benefits of SCMs are their ability to replace certain amount of cement and still able to display cementitious property, thus reducing the cost of using Portland cement. The fast growth in instralisation has resulted in tons and tons of byproduct or waste materials, which can be used as SCMs such as fly ash, silica fume, ground granulated blast furnace slag, steel slag etc. The use of these byproducts not only helps to utilize these waste materials but also enhances the properties of concrete in fresh and hydrated states. Slag cement and fly ash are the two most common SCMs used in concrete. Most concrete produced today includes one or both of these materials. For this reason their properties are frequently compared to each other by mix designers seeking to optimize concrete mixtures. Perhaps the most successful SCM is silica fume because it improves both strength and durability of concrete to such extent that modern design rules call for the addition of silica fume for design of high strength concrete. To design high strength concrete good quality aggregates is also required. Steel slag is an industrial byproduct obtained from the steel manufacturing industry. This can be used as aggregate in concrete. It is currently used as aggregate in hot mix asphalt surface applications, but there is a need for some additional work to determine the feasibility of utilizing this industrial byproduct more wisely as a replacement for both fine and coarse aggregates in a conventional concrete mixture. Replacing all or some portion of natural aggregates with steel slag would lead to considerable environmental benefits. Steel slag aggregate generally exhibit a propensity to expand because of the presence of free lime and magnesium oxides hence steel slag aggregates are not used in concrete making. Proper weathering treatment and use of pozzolanic materials like silica fume with steel slag is reported to reduce the expansion of the concrete. However, all these materials have certain shortfalls but a proper combination of them can compensate each other’s drawbacks which may result in a good matrix product with enhance overall quality. In the present work a series of tests were carried out to make comparative studies of various mechanical properties of concrete mixes prepared by using ACC brand Slag cement , Fly ash cement and their blend (in 1:1 proportion ). These binder mixes are modified by 10% and 20% of silica fume in replacement. The fine aggregate used is natural sand comply to zone II as per IS 383-1982.The coarse aggregate used is steel making slag of 20 mm down size. The ingredients are mixed in 1: 1.5: 3 proportions. The properties studied are 7days, 28days and 56 days compressive strengths, flexural strength, porosity, capillary absorption. The main conclusions drawn are inclusion of silica fume increases the water requirement of binder mixes to make paste of normal consistency. Water requirement increase with increasing dose of silica fume. Water requirement is more with fly ash cement than slag cement. The same trend is obtained for water binder ratio while making concrete to achieve a target slump of 50- 70 mm. The mortar strength (1:3) increases with increasing percentage of silica fume. Comparatively higher early strength gain (7-days) is obtained with fly ash cement while later age strength (28 days) gain is obtained with slag cement. Their blended mix shows comparatively moderate strength gain at both early and later ages. Mixing of silica fume had made concrete sticky ie more plastic specifically with fly ash cement. The porosity and capillary absorption tests conducted on mortar mixes show decrease in capillary absorption and porosity with increase in silica fume percentage with both types of cements. The decrease is more with fly ash cement than slag cement. But the reverse pattern is obtained for concrete i.e. the results show decrease in 7days,28 days and 56 days compressive strength of concrete due to inclusion of silica fume in the matrix. The increasing dose of silica fume show further decrease in strength at every stage. Almost same trend is obtained for flexural strength also. The specimens without silica fume had fine cracks which are more visible in concrete made with slag cement than fly ash cement.

24 Study of Cost Effectiveness in Design of Structures with High Performance Concrete
Sana Thasleem, Vallepu Vishnu vardhan

Abstract — High Performance Concrete can be considered as a logical development of cement concrete in which the ingredients are proportioned and selected to contribute efficiently to the various properties of cement concrete in fresh as well as in hardened states. Higher strength is one of the features of High Performance Concrete which provides significant structural advantages. The three major components contributing to the cost of a structural member are concrete, steel reinforcement and formwork .This paper aims at comparing these major components when concrete of higher grade is used in the design and to establish that High strength concrete provides the most economical way for designing the load bearing members and to carry a vertical load to the building foundation through columns. The mix design variables affecting the concrete strength which are the most critical in the strength development of concrete includes water-cementations material ratio, total cementations material, cement-admixture ratio, amount of super plasticizer dose .These factors are to be analyzed in order to obtain a mix for concrete of higher grade. The design aid presently available gives design charts for design of members for concrete grade upto Fck=40N/mm².Design curves for Fy=250N/mm²,415N/mm² and Fck=60N/mm², Fck=70N/mm² using MATLAB have been drawn and given for aiding in the design of structures designed with these higher grade of concrete. Key Words: High Performance Concrete, High Strength Concrete.

25 Study of Tools for Managing Changing User Requirement for Software Development
Pooja, Kamna Solanki

Abstract — Requirement change management is very critical and the most important aspect in the software development. User Requirements keep on Changing during all the stages of software development. Hence, there must be some effective techniques to tackle these changing user requirements. Basically, change is a transition from current way of working to another looked-for way and this nature of the change coupled with complexity of services create problems. This paper depicts the main hurdles in the change management like dependability, traceability etc. and efficient tools to cope these changes so that it would not affect the stability. Ultimate aim is to propose a framework to manage this important trait in the process of software development.

26 Assessment of Biomedical Waste Generation, Treatment and Disposal Technology in Jabalpur City
Ankit Koshta, Dr. Shailza Verma, M K Koshta

Abstract — The biomedical waste increases day by day due to increase in population results in increased number and sizes of hospitals and pathology labs as well as increased use of disposable medical products etc. The hospital wastes are infectious wastes which if not properly treated and disposed of pose a great health risk. Besides it may lead to environmental pollution and resulting the scarcity of natural resources. Across India, more than 4.2 lack kg of biomedical waste is generated everyday but only 2.4 lack kg of this waste is scientifically treated. India has 84,809 hospitals and other healthcare facilities but only 48, 183 use either common biomedical waste treatment facilities or engage private agencies to treat their waste. Jabalpur city has been selected as a Smart City in the list of 98 Smart Cities. According to the purpose of the Smart Cities mission is to drive economical growth and improve the quality of life of people by enabling local area development and harnessing technology, especially technology that leads to smart outcomes. In present Jabalpur more than 250 small and medium size healthcares established but only 146 health care centers are disposed their waste to (CBMWTF) which is covered 198 healthcare waste from Jabalpur and Katni city. This paper makes an attempt by giving idea about biomedical waste generation in Jabalpur and technology used for their treatment and identifying lacking of present technology and the alternate technology option for common bio medical waste treatment plant.

27 On Vertex Prime Cordial Labeling On Some Graphs
Dr.J.Devaraj, S.P.Reshma

Abstract — Let G be a (p,q) graph. We define the Vertex Prime Cordial labeling as follows. Let V(G), E(G) denote the vertex set and edge set of G respectively. Consider a bijection f : E(G)  {0, 1, 2, . . . , |E|} such that for each vertex of degree atleast two and the induced function f * : V(G)  {0, 1} is defined by f * (u) = { satisfies the condition |vf(0) – vf(1)|  1 where vf(i) = number of vertices labeled with i where i = 0,1. In this paper we proved the following graphs are Vertex Prime Cordial labeling.

28 Design, Analysis and Fabrication of Die Casting Tool for Top Cover Used in Braking System
Sandeep.M.J, Dr. Satishbabu.B, Dr. Maruthi.B.H

Abstract — The process of forcing molten metal under high pressure into mold cavities (which are machined into dies) is called die casting. Most die castings are made from nonferrous metals, specifically zinc, copper, aluminum, magnesium, lead, and tin based alloys, but ferrous metal die castings are also possible. This method is especially suited for applications where large quantities of small to medium sized parts are needed with good detail, a fine surface quality and dimensional consistency. This dissertation work deals with Design, Analysis and Manufacturing of Die Casting Tool for the component Top Cover. These components are used in braking system for automobiles. The main task of this project is to produce single components in one shot, employing through die casting technique by providing the various design factors on a new concept for the same. Material for this component is Alluminium Alloy ADC 12. The designing of the tool to produce the components as per designing procedure is on conventional lines, based on tested and tried norms developed through expertise and experience over a number of years and reported in literature. The 3D Virtual Model of the tool and the core-cavity extraction is done using the CAD Software Solid works 2013. Structural Analysis of Core Back plate is carried out using CosmosXpress tool. A tool fabrication is included in this report and process planning chart is done for each part, namely choice of machine, operation protocol and estimate of process cycle. Procedure for employing cost of the tool is included here, as it is of utmost important because the cost reflects on the manufactured product.

29 Energy Efficient Multipath Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
Kavala janakamma, Dr. Tirumala ramashri

Abstract — The main objective of this research is to conduct a performance analysis of various multipath routing protocols in wireless multimedia sensor networks for the efficient transmission of the image, audio and video data. To provide efficient routing for the large sized multimedia content, various multipath routing protocols such as energy-aware routing, QoS based routing and geographical routing methods are analyzed. In this paper, the efficient routing techniques including geographical routing techniques such as DGR, EEMRP obtainable for wireless multimedia sensor networks are studied and the performance of each technique is evaluated to determine the efficient multipath routing technique. Comparisons are made for evaluated protocols and it is proved that the EEMRP provides better routing performance for the multimedia data. The findings of the research also show that the EEMRP method efficiently overcomes the routing problems such as energy bottleneck problem, energy, reduced network lifetime and high delay in packet transmission.

30 Hybrid Soft Computing Distance Based Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks
P.M.Kalyani, Dr.Tirumala Ramashri

Abstract — To improve the localization of nodes in Wireless sensor networks (WSNs), this paper performance analysis of the distance based localization algorithm (LSL) in WSNs, and then proposed to improve soft computing algorithms in Wireless sensor network (WSN). A WSN is a wireless decentralized structure network comprised of nodes, which autonomously set up a network. The node localization that is to be aware of position of the node in the network is an essential part of many sensor network operations and applications. The existing localization algorithms can be classified into two categories: range-based and range-free. The range-based localization algorithm has requirements on hardware, thus is expensive to be implemented in practice. The range-free localization algorithm reduces the hardware cost. Because of the hardware limitations of WSN devices, solutions in range-free localization are being pursued as a cost-effective alternative to more expensive range-based approaches. However, these techniques usually have higher localization error compared to the range-based algorithms. Soft computing algorithms are a typical range-free localization algorithm based on distance estimation. In this paper, propose an improved soft computing algorithm based on distance between nodes. an adaptive hybrid GA–PSO approach is developed to identify the optimal solutions and improve computation efficiency for these localization in WSN. Simulation results show that our proposed algorithm improves the localization accuracy compared with existing algorithms.

31 Parallel Task Execution using MapReduce Operation for Data Node Load Prediction in HADOOP Environment
Shravan Kumar, Reetesh Rai

Abstract — There has been a quick progress in cloud, with the growing amounts of associations turning number of associations relying upon use resources in the cloud, there is a requirement for securing the data of various customers using concentrated resource. Circulated capacity organizations avoid the cost stockpiling organizations dodges the cost exorbitant on programming, staff keeps up and gives better execution less limit cost and flexibility, cloud advantages through web which construct their presentation to limit security vulnerabilities however security is one of the critical weaknesses that balancing incomprehensible relationship to go into appropriated processing environment. The Proposed wear down HADOOP stockpiling strategies, Map reduce approach with synchronization between tasks and this purpose of interest and its impediments.

32 SRPS -Closed Maps and SRPS -Open Maps in Topological Spaces
T. Shyla Isac Mary, A. Subitha

Abstract — In this paper, the authors introduce srps -closed maps and srps -open maps in topological spaces and study some of their basic properties.

33 Comparative Study of Different Cloud Testing Tool
Usha, Yogesh Kumar

Abstract — Cloud testing is a subset of software testing in which simulate, real-world web traffic is used to test cloud-based web applications. Cloud testing also verifies and validates specific cloud functions, including redundancy and performance scalability. Ultimate aim is to conduct a comparative study of performance testing tools (Load Runner and JMeter) for cloud based applications based on criteria such as capability to play the script, result report, speed and cost of selection of best tool.

34 Image Processing Method for Disease Severity
Vasifa S.Kotwal

Abstract — A proper on-time characterization and assessment of disease distribution and intensity could provide useful information for decision making about the timing of fungicide application in precise pest management. In our work severity of brown spot disease is measured with the help of image processing technique. The calculated diseased severity percentage and disease severity scale developed by agricultural scientist Horsfall and Heuberger is helpful to farmers to decide the specific quantity and concentration of pesticide to control the disease which would ultimately reduce the production cost and help to maintain the ecosystem.

35 CFD Simulation of Micro Combustor
Naveen S S, Mr.Sreekantha A

Abstract — In this , I present the design of the tubular micro combustion chamber followed by the 3-Dimensional simulation in combustor to investigate the velocity profile, species concentration and temperature distribution with in the liner, fuel considered as HYDROGEN. The computational approach attempts to strike a reasonable balance to handle the competing aspects of complicated physical and chemical interactions of the flow.The modelling employs Non-Orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, Second order accurate discritization, Tetra grid iterative solution procedure, the SST- turbulence model. Accordingly, in present study an attempt as been made through CFD approach using ANSYS CFX-14.0 to analyse the flow pattern in the combustion linear and through air admission holes and from these temperature distribution in the liner and at walls as well as the temperature quality at the exit of combustion chamber is obtained.

36 Study on Chemical Effects in Bitumen
Nikhil Bajpayee, Adhir Sarkar

Abstract — The main purpose of this project to study is to investigate the effects of chemical material and to reduce its effects. In this project we check the chemical effects by the performing the test on it with material or without material. After checking with anti-stripping materials. The main problem comes in bitumen was stripping. The fundament behind stripping is the breaking of the adhesive bond between the aggregate and the bitumen (asphalt) in an asphaltic pavement or mixture. That means there bitumen segregate with aggregate. The development of bituminous binders with an intrinsic fuel resistance is required to limit pavement damage and maintenance operations in those areas, such as airport systems and industrial areas and filling stations, where the risk of fuel spilling exists. This project indicates that there may be as many as five different mechanisms by which stripping of asphalt from an aggregate surface may occur. These five mechanisms include detachment, displacement, spontaneous emulsification, pore pressure, and hydraulic scouring. It appears that these mechanisms may act individually or together to cause adhesion failure in bituminous mixtures. A brief description of each of the suggested mechanisms of stripping.

37 The Study of Failure in Beam - Column Joints
Ajay Kumar Sapre, Rahul Rathore

Abstract — The present work is divided into two phase. In first phase few sample of normal low and medium high building has been chosen and designed according to the IS 456:2000(LSD) and shear force are calculated as per ACI 352-02. From this phase we come to conclusion that first two stories have higher shear force demand and these are the joints more susceptible to congestion and prestessing of joint core should be implemented to these joints only. In the second phase two exterior beam-column joint from previous experimental programme. They were model and analyse using ANSYS v13. Improvement in the ultimate load and failure pattern has been detailed in the thesis. From this phase we come to conclusion that this new technique is more effective than the previous prestressing technique of joints.

38 VLSI Design of Novel Area Efficient Accuracy Reconfigurable Adder for Error Resilient Applications
Dolly Kaushik, Shweta Agrawal

Abstract — The portable devices of the modern era employing multimedia applications demands high performance arithmetic units. Adder is one of basic operation used to perform different signal processing. Significant research has been done to achieve high performance adder. Approximate adder has recently become active area of research for achieving high performance arithmetic units. Therefore, different approximate adders are developed in the literature. In this paper, presents a novel accuracy reconfigurable adder and then the performance of the proposed adder over the existing adder designs. The proposed and existing designs are implemented and simulated with benchmark input to compute the efficacy of proposed over the existing architectures. The simulation results show that proposed adder requires reduced area over the existing designs.

39 Differentially Coherent Multi-FFT Detection of OFDM Signals in Time-Varying Channels
Surya Bazal, ShaileshKhaparkar, PankajSahu

Abstract — Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is a form of digital modulation used in a wide array of communication systems. In this paper, we propose a class of methods for compensating for the Doppler distortions of the time varying channels for differentially coherent detection of orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) signals. These methods are based on multiple fast Fourier transform (FFT) demodulation, and are implemented as partial (P), shaped (S), fractional (F), and Taylor (T) series expansion FFT demodulation. They replace the conventional FFT demodulation with a few FFTs and a combiner. We investigate the basic principle of OFDM system and through computer simulation, Bit error rate (BER) and peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) are the parameters will be used as performance of OFDM system for different modulation techniques.

40 CFD Study on Turbulence and Boundary Layer Flow Modelling for External Aerodynamics
Prashant D, Chandru B, Dr. Maruthi B H, Ravindra A R

Abstract — This project shows the performance of several steady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) turbulence models and boundary-layer modelling approaches is evaluated for an airfoil, by comparison with empirical data for a Reynolds number ranging up to 9 million. In this work two dimensional CFD analyses have been carried out to predict the aerodynamic forces on the surface of the NACA 63(2)415 airfoil. The shear stress transport (SST) k-ω turbulence model performs exceptionally well when combined with boundary layer modelling approach, which shows that the turbulence model characteristics are particularly suitable to deal with this specific flow problem. This project focus on knowing the accuracy of the results obtained with different modelling techniques employed for turbulence and boundary layers. RANS equations are time averaged equations for fluid flow motions .Finally CFD analysis results are compared with the wind tunnel data available in the literature survey. The deviation between CFD analysis results and wind tunnel test data are founded out and accurate procedure for modelling the near wall flow region and especially about the stalling region in the airfoil has been concentrated.

41 Recognition of Face on Different Facial Expressions
Upendra Kumar Agrawal, Shrawan Kumar Patel, Nawin Sharma

Abstract — Face recognition as a biometric derives a number of advantages from being the primary biometric that humans use to recognize one another. Facial expression and personal appearance changes due to aging, movement of lips and eyes in a conversation. In this paper we are recognizing the faces on different expressions which include various positions of lips, eyes etc. It also includes different angles of image capturing.