JCT - Volume 4 Issue 6 (June 2015)

 


Sr/No/ Title Pdf
1 Operational Performance on Supply Chain Management measurement and its influence
Moses Sashi Kumar, A.Ananda Kumari, A.Shalini

Abstract-This paper empirically confirmed a positive relationship between Supply Chain Management (SCM) and operational performance. A measurement model of the SCM construct was developed. Operational performance was conceptualized using competitive priorities literature with four dimensions: cost, quality, flexibility and delivery. Structural equation modelling was used to analyze a sample of 103 companies, in Brazil. Results showed positive effects of SCM on all performance dimensions, offering further support for the cumulative capabilities perspective. We also found evidence of an operational competence construct mediating the effect of SCM on performance, supported conceptually by the resource-based and relational views of strategy.

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2 A Study to Enhance Total Profit in Building Industry by Material Waste Management
Sheikh Mohd. Tausif, Milind M. Darade

Abstract— In the current environment, Building industry had pressed to find ways to gain a competitive advantage and improve slim profit margins. In Building industry Material, Manpower, Money, and Machine play a crucial persona. Research has shown that construction materials and equipment may constitute more than 70% of the total cost for a typical construction project. Material wastage in construction projects resulted into huge financial setbacks to builders and contractors. Material waste has been acknowledged as a major issue in the construction industry. So, Waste management is very important for a company’s profitability. Significant volumes of waste result from activities such as inefficient design, inaccurate materials estimates and orders, design changes, poor logistics and storage, and a traditional low prioritisation of materials costs as compared to labour costs. Cost-benefit analyses indicate you can save up to 2% of the construction cost by achieving good practice wastage rates on the 5-10 most wasted components on each project. This is because if a company can manage its waste properly, reduction in waste can help the company to reduce its cost. Therefore the proper management of this single largest component can improve the profit and cost efficiency of a project and help ensure its timely completion. This paper delineate the consequence of research studies carried out in Pune (Maharashtra) that investigated the loss in total profit due to happening of material waste at building sites located in different locations of the Pune in Maharashtra. From this it is reasoned out that total profit can be enhanced by efficient & strict control over supervisors and flow of construction materials. The main focus of this paper is to seek the most effective waste management methods that can help the companies to reduce their cost and thus increase their corporate profits.

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3 Future Challenges of Supply Chain Management
Moses Sashi Kumar, A.Ananda Kumari, A.Shalini

Abstract—The purpose of this paper is to critically assess current developments in the theory and practice of supply management and through such an assessment to identify barriers, possibilities and key trends. Design/ methodology/ approach – The paper is based on a three-year detailed study of six supply chains which encompassed 72 companies in Europe. The focal firms in each instance were sophisticated, blue-chip corporations operating on an international scale. Managers across at least four echelons of the supply chain were interviewed and the supply chains were traced and observed. Findings – The paper reveals that supply management is, at best, still emergent in terms of both theory and practice. Few practitioners were able – or even seriously aspired – to extend their reach across the supply chain in the manner prescribed in much modern theory. The paper identifies the range of key barriers and enablers to supply management and it concludes with an assessment of the main trends. Research limitations/implications – The research presents a number of challenges to existing thinking about supply strategy and supply chain management. It reveals the substantial gaps between theory and practice. A number of trends are identified which it is argued may work in favor of better prospects for SCM in the future and for the future of supply management as a discipline. Practical implications – A central challenge concerns that could or should manage the supply chain. Barriers to effective supply management are identified and some practical steps to surmount them are suggested. Originality/value – The paper is original in the way in which it draws on an extensive systematic study to critically assess current theory and current developments. The paper points the way for theorists and practitioners to meet future challenges.

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4 Synthesis and Characterization of Iron Doped BATIO3 Ceramic
R.K. Sharma

Abstract— Undoped 6H-BaTiO3 is reported to be thermodynamically stable above 1,460oC, but can be kinetically stabilized at room temperature by doping with various transition metal ions on the Ti-sites, e.g. Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu that can also lead to the formation of the hexagonal polymorph at room temperature. In this paper, we report structural analysis and dielectric properties of Fe ion doped Ba(Ti1–zXz)O3, where X is Fe nanoparticles, using Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) to encapsulate such crystallites. Hence, in this present study, the influences of Fe addition on phase formation and microstructure of Ba(Ti)O3 were investigated. The dielectric results are explained in terms of change in lattice parameters (c/a) in the specimens.

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5 Multi-spectral Synthetic Image Generation Using Linear Mixture Model
M.S. Ganesh Prasad

Abstract— The use of multi-spectral remote sensing images to extract thematic information via digital image classification techniques is now quite common. During past two decades, the spatial and spectral resolutions of remote sensing data have substantially improved. In remote sensing image processing domain, to understand the factors contributing to classification errors and isolating them for further analysis through empirical studies, the use of real image data is needed. However, availability of real data with desired characteristics and other difficulties may limit the scope of these studies. In such cases, it may be advantageous to use synthetic image data with desired and controlled spectral characteristics. This paper discusses a simple method to generate synthetic multi-spectral image which represents a real remote sensing image in spectral characteristics using linear mixture model and spectral statistics.

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6 Design and Implementation of a New Security Alert System for Preventing Data over Various Attacks
Chintakindi Lavanya Ratna Venkata

Abstract— Now a day’s security plays a very important role in each and every domain including medical, banking, shopping, online services and so on. As security plays a vital role in each and every aspect of human life, hackers are becoming more and more advantage in gaining sensitive information illegally by hacking others accounts. Some of the hacking techniques which are used by hackers are password based attacks, shoulder surfing attacks and dictionary attacks. Graphical passwords (GP’s) are the password which consists mainly of click or drag activities on the pictures or images rather than typing textual characters on it. So with this new type of authenticated passwords, it is the new option to overcome the problems that arise while using text-based passwords system. By conducting various experiments on our proposed mechanism, we finally came to an conclusion that this approach is very best suited to achieve data integrity.

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7 Comparative Study of Conventional and Advanced Water Treatment Techniques – A review
Tejaswinee Anil Pawar, Sagar M. Gawande

Abstract— Water is basic needs of the human being. But if the quality of the drinking water is not fit for human body, sum up various diseases. Water with undesirable contents like suspended particles, heavy metals, toxic chemicals, and presence of bacteria affects deeply on the human as well as living bodies on the earth’s surface. It is need to treat the drinking water effectively. The availability of treatment methods based on contaminants to treat raw water, classified under conventional and advanced treatments. This paper compares water treatments with respect to various parameters like space required, time, efficiency and cost.

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8 Analysis of Pre-processing techniques in Mammogram Images
Deepika Kishor Nagthane

Abstract— Pre-processing is a data mining technique that involves transforming raw data into an understandable format. Pre-processing techniques are applied in various ways to enhance the quality of the images for the further processing and analysis. Digital mammogram becomes the most effective technique for early breast cancer detection modality and processing these images requires high computational capabilities. Image preprocessing, also called image restoration, involves the correction of distortion, degradation, and noise introduced during the imaging process Computer image processing techniques will be applied to enhance images.

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