JCT - Volume 4 Issue 1 (January 2015)

 


Sr/No/ Title Pdf
1 Entropy based Fractal Image Compression Techniques
Dr. N S S R Murthy, Prof. I V Murali Krishna

Abstract-We proposed an approach to reduce the encoding time called Algorithm of Fractal Image Compression based on Entropy Values. This technique will be reducing the size of the domain pool. This technique is based on the observation that many blocks domain are never used in a typical fractal encoding, and only a fraction of this large domain pool is actually used in the fractal coding. The collection of used domain blocks is localized in regions with high degree of structure. This technique focuses on the implementation issues and presents the first empirical experiments analyzing the performance of benefits of entropy approach to fractal image compression. The experiment is carried out with technique of quadtree partitioning, allowing up to three (4x8, 8x16, and 16x16 pixel) is examined. The new algorithm gives a good quality of reconstructed image with speeding in encoding time.

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2 Immediate Assistant and Remote Monitoring for Home Alone Elderly Persons
Abdul Aziz Khan J ,Gnanavel G

Abstract— This paper describes, to monitor the signals of ECG, Body temperature, Heart rate are measured and given to ARM controller. Through GSM/GPRS modem updated parameters are sending directly to the doctor’s mobile phone/nearby hospital web portal doctor can also query about the human health through GSM by SMS. In addition to that if elderly people need to operate any electrical devices, can help them by providing RF Remote control. At abnormal conditions buzzer or voice message will alert the disabled and elderly person. When the fall is detected GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) modem transmits these events to the mobile phones of care takers/ relatives of the fallen human. This alert message helps to provide immediate assistance and treatment.

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3 Robust Railway Crack Detection Scheme (RRCDS) Using LED-IR Assembly
Jayaprakash J ,Manimaran S

Abstract—In India, most of the commercial transport is being carried out by the railway network and therefore, any problems in the same has the capacity to induce major damage to the economy-notwithstanding the societal impact of loss of life or limb.

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4 A Novel Approach for Prevention against ARP Spoofing Attack in MANET
Shradha Shukla, Indresh Yadav

Abstract— ARP spoofing is the most dangerous attack that threats MANET; this attack comes from the way the ARP protocol works, since it is a stateless protocol. Mobile ad-hoc networks are more prone towards spoofing attacks. In identitybased spoofing attacks, an attacker can forge its identity to masquerade as another device or even create multiple illegitimate identities in the networks by masquerading as an authorized wireless access point (AP) or an authorized client.

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5 Multipath Routing with Load Balancing Based on Node Usage for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks
Kamalpreet Kaur, Malti Rani

Abstract—A Mobile Ad-hoc is a mobile, multi-hop wireless network having no pre-existing infrastructure. Routing in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks is a challenging task due to dynamic topology, limited power and restricted bandwidth. The widely used shortest path based routing algorithms lead to various network utilization problems. Therefore, we need load balancing for distributing the traffic evenly in the network. In this paper, a new load balancing approach NU-AOMDV based on node usage is proposed which is an extension of AOMDV. In this technique, a new load metric is introduced and primary path for data transmission is selected on the basis of existing traffic load. The simulation result shows the performance improvement in terms of end-to-end delay, throughput and packet delivery ratio.

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6 Performance Analysis of Haar Wavelet and Adaptive Spectral Wavelet for Color Image Compression
Mr. Yashawant S. Jagadale, Prof. J.K.Patil

Abstract—This paper gives compression of colour image by using Haar Wavelet Transform and Adaptive Spectral Wavelet Transform (ADSWT) techniques for various size with respect to the parameters such as compression ratio, mean square error and peak signal to noise ratio respectively and observe that these parameters shows better performance in Haar wavelet than ADSWT, also the quality of image is superior in Haar wavelet than adaptive spectral wavelet.

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7 Packaging Of Functional Foods: A Review
Priyanka Prasad, Anita Kochhar

Abstract—Functional foods are defined as modified food or food ingredients that provide health benefit beyond the traditional nutrients it contains. Innovative research and technological development in production and packaging of functional foods are reported. This article reviews the different types of functional foods, their preservation and methods of packaging like scavenging techniques, moisture absorbers, antimicrobial polymers developed for food contact and use of antioxidants for packaging of functional foods.

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8 Framework for Host-based Botnets Detection System
Jata Shankar Mishra, Narendra Kumar Gupta

Abstract—A number of bots infected machines that are combined under the control of a single, malicious entity (called the botmaster) are referred to as a botnet. Traditional means of defence against bots rely on antivirus (AV) software installed on end-users’ machines. To mitigate this limitation, a number of host-based defence systems have been introduced. To complement host-based analysis techniques, it is desirable to have a network-based detection system available that can monitor network traffic for indications of bots infected machines.

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9 Comparative Assessment of Apical Extrusion of Sodium Hypochlorite Using Different Irrigation and File System-an In-Vitro Study
Ashwathy.Kumari, Usha HL, Sudhanva .M.E, Vikram .R, Vijayalakshmi L

Abstract—The traditional irrigation method is represented by the positive pressure irrigation technique using needle and syringe. However there are difficulties in controlling and confining the root canal irrigants within the canal using this technique.

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10 Growth and Development of Eco-Tourism In Manipur: Sustainable Management Strategies
Arambam Sanatomba Singh

Abstract—The State of Manipur has a huge potential of ecotourism as the State has huge gene pool of biodiversity resources and it has a good prospect for the growth and development of Eco-tourism. However, we have not succeeded in tapping even a small portion of these eco-tourism potentials due to various reasons. It is therefore, a dire necessity for tapping the huge ecotourism potentials and this call for serious introspection and a comprehensive analysis of all the factors that are impeding the growth of this vital sector. And as such, it is imperative to implement the State Eco-tourism policies and guidelines in conformity with the National and State Level Eco-tourism guidelines to achieve the sustainability in eco-tourism development in the State of Manipur. And as such, the present study makes an attempt: (i) to identify the eco-tourism potential areas of Manipur; and (ii) to examine the constraints impeded on the growth and development of eco-tourism; and (iii) to formulate sustainable management strategies for eco-tourism development in the State of Manipur.

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11 Optimal Approach of Adaptive Lighting System for Low End Automobiles
Supreeth.A, Hemanth kumar.U, Srivatsav.B.V.S.S, Likith.H.S

Abstract— Present vehicle illumination systems are facing a number of problems such as inadequate visibility.one of the main reasons for these problems is that illumination system is static they do not change in relation to varying road, vehicle, traffic conditions. This paper presents feasibility investigation of adaptive lighting system of vehicle with two modes i.e. automatic signal mode(ASM) and energy saving mode(ESM) which can be achieved by using IC 555 timer to generate pulse of frequency 1.5hz,SPDT relay as electrical operated switch, BC547 transistor as a virtual switch and CdS photocell as photometric sensor.

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12 Computation And Balancing of Traverse Area in King Khalid University
Saiful Islam, Sham Al Deen M.Saad, Sohaib nazar, Roohul Abad Khan

Abstract—The Advent of modern Surveying Instrument such as Total Station and advancement in computing industry has made it desirable to do the traversing work accurately. The paper deals with Traversing five points namely A, B, C, D and E using Total Station. Parameters such as horizontal distance, horizontal angles of all points were measured. It is essential to check the error of closure for interior angles. Moreover the Fore bearing of Survey line AB is taken out and with the help of this bearing and included angle the bearing of all other line can be computed. The observations are then used for different traverse balancing techniques. The balanced unknowns and observations were computed precisely to about a few millimeters and seconds of accuracy. Moreover new Bearings and Length are computed from the result of each of the balancing techniques and compared.

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13 Evaluation and Comparison of DSDV, AODV and DSR Routing Protocols in MANET
Mohit Sood, Tanu Preet Singh

Abstract—Portable specially appointed system comprise of hubs that are versatile. The hubs are interconnected without any brought together control. The correspondence between the hubs is done by utilizing the versatile hubs which are going about as switches. Directing in a portable impromptu system is imperative issues. In this paper we have looked at three steering conventions DSDV, AODV and DSR convention. The parameters to be analyzed are Throughput, Packet Delivery Fraction and Drop Rate. The reproduction has been done utilizing NS 2.33. Follow records has been dissected for assessment reason. The correlation of three conventions has been carried out by utilizing XGRAPH.

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14 SEM evaluation of marginal gap in class 2 cavities restored with three newer composites with low polymerization shrinkage -an In-Vitro Study
Anitha Kumari R, Malwika Sisodia, Sudhanva M.E, Chethana.S.Murthy, Usha H L

Abstract—Study was to evaluate the marginal integrity of three newer composites with lower polymerization shrinkage that are recently introduced into the market when used for restoring class II cavities

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15 Neural Network (NN) Model to Predict the Flexural Strength of Metakaolin Blended Polypropylene Fiber - Reinforced High-Performance Concrete
Dr NRM Reddy

Abstract—The flexural strength of Metakaolin blended Polypropylene Fiber Reinforced High Performance Concrete(MK-PFRHPC) is influenced by various parameters such as water-binder ratio, percentage weight of admixture, percentage weight of fibers, ratio fine aggregate to coarse aggregate and aggregate-binder ratio. Due to nonlinear interaction among these parameters, prediction of flexural strength (F) of such HPC has become an onerous task. However it is overcome by an effective application of machine learning process using NN, a new technology that has emerged from fairly accurate simulation of human brain. In the current research paper, training examples are generated by conducting flexural test in hardened state of concrete at water-binder (W/B) ratios of 0.325, 0.35, 0.375, 0.4, with 0%, 10%, 20%, 30% weight of metakaolin (MK) replacing cement, at 0%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%, 2.0% polypropylene (PP) fibers replacing cement by weight, for aggregate-binder(A/B) ratios of 2.0 and 2.5. A total of 160 mix samples are prepared and out of which 140 samples are used for training the feed forward neural network model with 4-6-1 architecture (4 input neurons i.e., A/B, MK, W/B, PPF; 6 neurons in the hidden layer and one output neuron i.e.; flexural strength F) and the remaining 20 samples are used for validation of the model. After successful training, it is found that the developed neural network model is able to predict the flexural strength of MK-PFRHPC mixes accurately and efficiently.

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16 Streaming: A New Framework for Storing and Retrieving the Video files on the Cloud Server
Kethavarapu Sowjanya, Addala Vasudeva Rao

Abstract—In the current days there was a lot of demand for the usage of personal mobile devices like smart phones, tablets, etc. for providing a wide range of data contents to the users on their move. Also the cloud computing technology, with its new resources have been attracting a lot of user’s attention now a days due to its rich usage and ability to store any type of data on a remote servers. Streaming is a general term. It tells that data like video or audio being transferred can be used directly as it reaches the other end without downloading the data. As there were a lot of demands for video’s and audio over the internet, the sharing of such a resources in mobile media plays a very important role. As the wireless link is not able to cope the demands of such a video or audio streaming due to its traffic delay, there was very poor service for quality of data streaming over mobile networks. To solve this poor quality of streaming problem over mobile devices, we have been implemented the streaming concept in the cloud. In this paper we have proposed a new Video Streaming Framework on mobile devices like AMES-Cloud, where it is again divided into two main parts: AMoV Service (adaptive mobile video streaming) and ESoV Service (efficient social video sharing).By conducting various simulations and experiments on the private mobile cloud agency, we proved that adaptive video streaming and efficient video sharing on mobile devices are very accurate by using these two frameworks.

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