IJEA - Volume 4 Issue 12 (December 2015)


Sr/No/ Title Pdf
1 Analysis and Simulation of Noise Pollution Levels and Its Health Implications, In Major Markets in Owerri, Municipal
Nwachukwu-Nwokeafor K.C, Mpamah Ihuoma Chaste, Igbajar Abraham

Abstract-Structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from respondents on demographic and neighbourhood characteristics, sources of noise and perceived health effects of noise pollution. The mean noise level values for the three markets were, Ekeonunwa market, 85.8±5.63; new market, 83.1±10.18; Timber market, 84.3 ± 7.23, with Ekeonunwa market having the highest mean value. The study concludes that proper monitoring and enforcement of the guidelines on permissible noise exposure limit will result in compliance on the part of the workers, and the provision of personal protective equipment by the government for the workers.

2 Sleepy-Pass Gate Based Leakage Reduction Technique For CMOS VLSI Circuits
M. Geetha Priya

Abstract-In recent years, with shrinking of device technologies, leakage power (static power) dissipation has become an inevitable proportion of the total power dissipation in an integrated circuit. The leakage power dissipation is projected to grow exponentially during the next decade according to the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). Thus, experiments are conducted on the proposed technique implemented in a 2-input NAND logic gate and the results are compared with basic CMOS based NAND logic gate for evaluating the performance.

3 An Inventory Model for Defective Items with Trade Credit and Inflation
W. Ritha, I.Antonitte Vinoline

Abstract-This paper develops an inventory model with imperfect items under the effect of inflation and time value of money in which demand is a deterministic function of selling price and advertisement cost. Here we have considered shortages are allowed and the holding cost is time dependent. In this process, a certain fraction of purchased items are defective. These items are reworked or refunded if they reach the customer. In this article, the model is considered with finite replenishment rate under progressive payment scheme within the cycle time. Here, the retailer is allowed a trade credit offer by the supplier to buy more items. This model aids in minimizing the total inventory cost by finding the optimal cycle length, the optimal time length of replenishment, and the optimal order quantity. The optimal solution of the model is illustrated with the help of numerical example.

4 New Approach on the Upgrading Policy for Redesigning the Components With Reliability and Quality Considerations
W.Ritha, S.Sutha

Abstract-On the performance based contracts, the manufacturer is highly responsible for the reliability and quality of the systems. She detects that the reparable component in the system has a poor reliability performance. To make the system reliable and quality, she decides to upgrade the performance of the system by redesigning the components with the latest technology. We introduce a model for studying the upgrading the system. It is done by replacing the reparable components preventively at time 0 and replacing one-by-one correctively. The inventory kept in stock after replacing at time 0 are decided to replace when an old components failed. The corrective replacement is performed either with the inventory kept in stock after replaced at time 0 or with the new ordered inventory. To enhance the quality of the system, it was decided to procure the high technology inventory. We assumed that the new high technical components have higher salvage value than other new components. We analyzed the minimum total cost which includes procurement/replenishment costs of the new components and high technological components, upgrading costs, repair costs of the new components, inventory holding costs and downtime costs. Through the numerical study, we derive the insights on which of the two replacements is the best one and we show how this depends on the reliability and quality of the components.

5 Smart Security and Wireless Camera (SSWC)
K.Gowri Ganesh

Abstract-In the daily newspapers, we come across several cases of house burglary, while people are away from houses (or) even when aged people/ ladies alone inside houses, causing heavy loss of valuables like gold jewels, silver articles and cash and also at the cost of life aged/ladies. Nowadays house burglaries on the increase in Cities and metros. In villages and small towns, people have their own conventional system of securing their houses/preventing such burglaries. In many establishments and shops, CCTV cameras have been installed to secure their properties, which on many occasion help only to do postmortem after the burglary has happened. So the aim of the project is to prevent the house burglary, as said by the golden saying “Prevention is better than Cure”. Our Paper implies a new design, which has a sensor kept at top of the door and the keypad present at the side of the door, which helps to sense the person standing in front of the door. If the owner or the tenant is inside the house, the system senses the person and the automatic calling bell is enabled. It is easy to know that the person visited our house. If the owner or the tenant is not present inside the house, a person enters a correct pin at key pad installed at the side of the door and unlocks the house. If the pin is not entered in 10 minutes, the camera turns on and it is on standby mode. If the person attempts to break the door, the vibration sensor installed at the backside of the door becomes active and the camera starts recording and alerts messages are sent to the owner or tenant, neighbor and the police with details of location of the house using GSM Module. In my case, the lock of house is operated Not by Manual KEY but DIGITAL ELECTRONIC KEY WITH NUMBERS. This electronic number locking system is common in Europe, UK, USA and Australia. We hope that this system will help to prevent the House Burglary.

6 Dynamic Weighted Majority Used In Mining of Train Delays
D.Kishore Babu, G.L.N.V.S.Kumar, M.Lakshmi Rekha

Abstract-The Indian railway system has a lofty interchange thickness with Vijayawada as its seriousness midpoint. The star-shape of the set of connections implies seriously full bifurcations in which unforeseen delays are probable to arise. Knock-on delays should be minimizing to develop the overall promptness in the network. Based on occurrence, the most dangerous junctions in the traffic flood are recognized, but others might be buried. To make public the secreted patterns of trains passing delays to each other, In order to handle this problem we use dynamic weighted majority, dynamic weighted majority is finest one to handle the train delays.

7 Comparative Study of Tribological Characteristics of AL 7075 HMMC Using Different Casting Methods
P.Sundaresan, K.Dinesh Kumar, R.Alamuthu

Abstract-An aim involved in designing metal matrix composite material is to combine the desirable attributes of metal and ceramics, the addition of high strength, high modulus of refractory to a ductile metal matrix produce a material whose mechanical properties of intermediate between the matrix alloys and the reinforcement. Aluminium is the most abundant material in the Earth‘s crust. It makes up about 8% by weight of the Earth‘s solid surface. Due to easy availability, high strength to weight ratio, easy machinability, durable, ductile and malleability. Aluminium is the most widely used non-ferrous metal in 2005 as 31.9 million tonnes.

8 Performance Of natural draft wet cooling tower with air inlet height as a variable parameter
Devanand Tiwari, Ravindra Mohan

Abstract-Current paper deals with how reduce the evaporation losses in natural draft wet cooling tower by using 2D CFD model analysis. A software model of CFD k-Ɛ is used by this model we are analyzed how the large scale difference occurs in 2D CFD model of NDWCT. By varying the inlet height of tower. This study is based on the 118 m total tower height with varying inlet height of 6, 6.2, and 6.4 meters. By these models we have check the outlet let temperature and relative humidity and in which model outlet temperature is high and relative humidity is low that model is called optimized model.

9 Effect of Erosion and Corrosion on Heat Transfer of Cu and Cu Based alloy for Heat Exchanger application
Monu Kumar, RavindraMohan, Gaurav Kumar Gupta

Abstract-The Heat transfer studies of heat exchanger material are included in the duties of designer and manufacturer engineers. The designer and manufacturer engineer has the data about the properties of materials which has been used for design and manufacture for heat exchanger such as physical, mechanical, chemical and mechanical-chemical properties. Out of which we study about the effect of mechanical-chemical properties such as erosion corrosion on heat transfer. Our study is based on the Cu and its alloy. Because Cu is good engineering material in terms of heat transfer but the physical and chemical properties is not good. Hence we have to idea we develop the Cu based alloy and its thermal and mechanical-chemical analysis is done. After the analysis we found that Cu based alloy is drop the thermal conductivity due to alloying elements but very good result in erosion corrosion behavior.

10 Performance Evaluation of DVR and UPFC Subjected to Mitigate Power Quality- A Comparative Study
Sanjay Shrivastava, Dr A K Sharma

Abstract-One of the main responsibilities of a utility system is to supply electric power in the form of sinusoidal and currents with appropriate magnitudes and frequency for the customers at the points of common coupling (PCC). Voltage support at a load can be achieved by reactive power injection at the load point of common coupling. Due to the harmonics are occurring in the system it causes losses and heating of motor.

11 Performance of Conical Draft Tube: A review
Shivendra kumar Sahu, Surendra Agrawal

Abstract-The optimum performance of draft tube is an important aspect in the design of hydraulic turbine, which can be achieved by varying the shape and size of draft tube. The recovery of kinetic energy leaving the runner determines the performance of draft tubes. The cross-sectional area at exit of draft tube is dependent of length and angle of diffuser and must be chosen to ensure maximum recovery with minimum loss. Conical draft tubes gives better efficiency in comparison to elbow draft tubes because of more recovery of vortex flow coming out of runner.

12 Regulation of DC Link Voltage by Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor for EV and HEV Applications
E.Arun kumar, I. Rahul, Nethaji Gandhi, V.K.R. Mohan rao

Abstract-The proposed integrated circuit allows the permanent magnet based drive is opted to operate in motor mode or acts as boost inductors of the boost converter, and thereby boosting the output torque coupled to the same transmission system or dc-link voltage of the inverter connected to the output of the integrated circuit. Motor control algorithm for a dual power split system is proposed for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). The proposed control technique is to use interleaved control to significantly reduce the current ripple and thereby reducing the losses and thermal stress under heavy-load condition. In order to evaluate performance of the control algorithm, HEV simulator is developed using MATLAB/Simulink. Finally proposed converter fed PMSM drive with closed loop operation is presented. Matlab/Simulink model is developed and simulation results are presented.

13 Regulation of Voltage in Multi Distributed Energy Resources by Using Adaptive Voltage Control Technique
N. Karuna Sri, G.Poorna Chandra Rao

Abstract-In this paper adaptive voltage control method has been proposed to dynamically modify the control parameters of a single Distributed energy (DE) to respond to system changes such that the ideal response can be achieved. Theoretical analysis shows that a corresponding formulation of the dynamic control parameters exists; hence, the adaptive control method is theoretically solid. Then, control methods have been discussed in the case of multiple Distributed energy resources regulating voltages considering the availability of communications among all the Distributed energy resources. When communications are readily available, a method is proposed to directly calculate the needed adaptive change of the Distributed energy resource control parameters in order to achieve the ideal response. When there is no communication available, an approach to adaptively and incrementally adjust the control parameters based on the local voltage changes is proposed. Since the impact from other Distributed energy resources is implicitly considered in this approach, multiple Distributed energy resources can collectively regulate voltages closely following the ideal response curve.

14 Midnight’s Children: An Analysis through the Lens of Postmodern Perspective
Mr. Biswas Ujjwal

Abstract-This article is an attempt to deal with the magnum opus, Midnight’s Children, by universally acclaimed and controversial author, Salman Rushide. Midnight’s Children has been considered as an epoch-making novel in Indian English realm of literature that is why this piece of writing pertains to the gamut of postmodern literature. The paper is a sojourn throughout which the butt is to divulge the postmodern features embedded in this novel. Rushdie found his metier in this novel which is the amalgamation of fact and fantasy with a linguistic extravaganza in Indian English literature. The novel has been translated into several languages. New York Review of Books hailed it: One of the most important books to come out of the English – speaking generation.

15 Survey on Security Challenges and Solution on Mobile Cloud Computing
Dr.Uttam Kolekar, Vikram Patalbansi

Abstract-Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC) is the combination of Mobile Computing and Cloud Computing which are the main topics of research in recent industries. Itˆ market is growing rapidly. When uses o f sma r t p h o n e a n d mo b i l e d e v i c e s a r e became popular. In this paper we are going to review different types of security challenges and its solutions. And also going to analyses the infrastructure of MCC and its future research trends. As per different running Mobile Application on Mobile Devices scenario, we are going to analysis differ- ent privacy and security threat as Security as a Service (SecaaS) in different scenarios and practices based on the requirement of individual applications like mobile threat and cloud threat. Apart from this we are going to review in heterogeneity in MCC during Data Trans- mission in wired and wireless networks.

16 Numerical Modelling for RCC Beam Reinforced by various FRP Using ANSYS
Mayank Gupta, Rakesh Patel

Abstract-Concrete creation is normally expected to present trouble free carrier all through its intended layout lifestyles. But, these expectancies aren't realized in many constructions due to structural deficiency, fabric deterioration, unanticipated over loadings or bodily damage To Prevent the concrete from damage in the present study researcher used three different types of FRP (CFRP, KEVLAR, GFRP) of various thickness and Wrap on the section of beam (200×300) of span 4m by used Finite element method to amylase the beam. Researcher concludes from this work, that strength of concrete can be increase by using FRP reinforce beam system. a load defection response and stress response was measure when FRP reinforcement was provided the stiffer response was observed at a relatively more reduction of deflection and reduction of stress is observe in (CFRP) sheet as compare to (GFRP) and (KEVLAR) sheet.

17 Numerical Study for Nox Reduction in a Marine Diesel Engine Using SCR

Abstract-Combustion of a modern slow velocity diesel engine produces exhaust gases which encompass gases together with NOx, SOx, CO, CO2. Of these NOx is most crucial due their feasible carcinogenic effect, contribution to photochemical smog formation over towns. This NOx converted to high-quality particles and nitrate aerosols. These particles get thru the lungs and small enough to pass via the tissue and enter the blood. They can then cause inflammations which subsequently purpose heart and lungs failure. The NOx can be reduced each by using pre-remedy like enhancing gasoline valve design, by means of varying the gasoline timing, blending of water with the gasoline and introducing water vapour in the combustion chamber and submit combustion remedy (e.g. SCR, Exhaust gasoline recirculation approach), of those SCR i.e. Selective catalytic reactor is part of the satisfactory tool for folks that are inquisitive about NOx reduction. With the SCR method, the exhaust gasoline is mixed with ammonia NH3 or urea (as NH3 carrier) earlier than passing via a layer of a special catalyst at a temperature among three hundred and 400°C, wherein NOx is reduced to harmless N2 and H2O. The SCR can reduce the NOx emission by ninety to ninety five % however it depends upon the diverse restricting factors like the temp difference of the reactor , the degradation or deactivation of catalyst over the years , SO2 to SO3 conversion which similarly converted to Sulphuric acid, Crystallization of Urea in the injector nozzle.

18 A FEM Model for the Study of Thermal Stresses in Mass Concrete
Ayush Bhardwaj, S.S Kushwah, Aruna Rawat

Abstract-The temperature dissemination delivered by the limited component heat investigation of the model is utilized as a part of the limited component basic examination to evaluate the most extreme passable heat inclination before splitting will start in the solid. Temperature contrasts inside of the solid happen when the heat being created by the solid is scattered to the encompassing environment bringing about the temperature at the surface of the solid to be lower than the temperature at the inside of the solid. In the meantime the heat created is a component of the temperature and time history of the solid. Consequently, singular areas in the solid will encounter diverse levels of heat. The temperature contrast between the solid at the focal point of the component and the solid in the external district will make stresses. On the off chance that the instigated elastic hassles are bigger than the early age rigidity of the solid, splitting will happen.

19 A Review Paper on Emissions for Non-Premixed Ethanol Combustion
Dheeraj Sharma, Yogesh Tembhurne

Abstract-The purpose of this study is to find out the percentage of NOX after the combustion of Natural gas is our main interest which will help to reduce the formation of smog and acidic rain and many other harmful effects. Computational fluid dynamics is a widely used tool in optimizing natural gas burners, for instance, emission issues and the process of combustion of natural gas to detect the NOX formation like mass fraction of NO, NO2 and N2O. In order to save lots of procedure time, the flow is sculptured with an axis- Symmetrical formulation in fluent ANSYS 14.5. However with computational efforts calculating three-dimensional turbulent flames, there is necessity of simplified models in order to simulate the combustion reactions and the NOx formation. Hitherto, models explain thermal NO and prompt formation of NO, respectively, were applied in a post-processing step. Whereas, the flow field including combustion has been determined in the three-dimensional geometry. A modelling strategy has been adopted to diminish the computational time and thus to make the simulations affordable.

20 Effect of Climate & Design Parameters on the Single Slope Solar Still
Uday Joshi, Santosh K.Rathore

Abstract-Solar still is possibly the oldest method of desalination of water. Its principle of operation is the greenhouse effect; the radiation from the sun evaporates water inside a closed glass covered chamber at a temperature higher than the ambient. On the basis of different literature survey, a single basin active solar still is selected for further development and performance analysis which is subjected to be coupled with evacuated glass tube solar collector for high temperature water feeding in to the basin of solar still. The developed solar still basin area of 1 m2 is proposed to be tested with convert in to double basin by using glass tray inside the solar still. So heat loss of the upper portion was reduce it give more output of the pure water. The experimental set up will analyze by single and double basin active solar still. The problem will be also announced on matlab software. This experimental setup has been prepared for the different climate (MP GUJRAT) for the performance of the single basin active solar stills and to analysis the efficiency of solar still at different design parameter also this experimental setup data’s are also verify with matlab software.

21 CFD Analysis of Helical Coil Heat Exchanger
Vijay Kant Pandey, Dinesh KumarKoli

Abstract-Heat exchangers are the vital engineering gadgets with wide variety of packages that include power plants, nuclear reactors,and refrigeration and air-conditioning systems, heat recovery system. Helical coil configuration is very powerful for heat exchangers because they could accommodate a large heat transfer region in a small space with high heat transfer coefficient. The study of this investigation is the effect of geometrical parameters on heat transfer in helical coil heat exchanger at three different mass flow rate 0.005, 0.02 and 0.05 kg/s. Helical coil was fabricated by bending 1000 mm length of aluminium tube having 6,8,10 mm tube diameter and each time coil diameter should be 40 mm and at same pitch 15 mm and at same length. The relation between pressure drop and mass flow rate has been obtained for three different curvature ratio 0.15, 0.2, 0.25 at three different mass flow rate.The result shows that by increasing the tube diameter 10 mm and at curvature ratio 0.25 at mass flow rate of 0.05 kg/s there is increase in pressure drop of about 12100 Pa (262.275 %) and Nusselt number also increases about 2.25% in comparison to tube diameter 6 and 8 mm and at mass flow rate 0.005 and 0.02 kg/s. This can increases heat transfer in helical coil heat exchangers. The increase in heat transfer are a consequences of curvature of the coil which induces centrifugal force to act on moving fluid resulting in development of secondary flow. Influence of three different curvature ratio on heat transfer (Nu), Reynolds number and pressure drop have been investigated through CFD and empirical correlation given by different researchers.

22 Performance Evaluation and Optimization of Vapour Compression Refrigeration System by Using Different Eco Friendly Refrigerants
Prashant Kumar Shukla, K.K.Jain

Abstract-In this paper work has been carried out to evaluate the various thermodynamic performance parameters at various condenser and evaporator temperature for half TR refrigeration cooling capacity with pure alternative refrigerant R134a, and refrigerants mixtures R404a and HC mixture in single stage vapour compression refrigeration system as a replacement refrigerants. The single stage vapour compression refrigeration cycle calculations have been performed to ascertain the suitability of these alternate refrigerants as substitute refrigerants for which shall be phased out in the near future. This analysis will be helped in determining the selection of components (compressor, condenser, evaporator and expansion valves etc.) used in commercial refrigeration applications. Further, studies such as heat transfer characteristics, compatibility with lubricants and safety (toxicity and in-flammability) have to be carried out before considering the substitution of alternate refrigerants in actual refrigeration and air-conditioning system. This work is intended to evaluate the feasibility of R404a purely from thermodynamic viewpoint.

23 Computation of Potential Evapo-Transpiration under different Climatic Condition,Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Saiful Islam, Rohul Abad Khan, Dr Mohammad Ahmad, Mishal Al Qahtani

Abstract-Present study deals with Computation of Potential Evapotranspiration under different climatic conditions in Saudi Arabia using Temperature based empirical equation-Hargreaves Method. Weather data for Riyadh representing arid climate, Jeddah representing humid climate and Abha representing moderate climate were analyzed. These data contained Average Monthly Minimum &Maximum Temperature, Mean Temperature, Temperature Difference, and Extraterrestrial Radiation. The result shows that Riyadh has highest evapotranspiration rate per year because of arid climate followed by Jeddah which is having humid climate and the least value is found for Abha city due to moderate climate.

24 Multi-point Real-time Threshold based Monitoring System of Soil Parameters using Wireless Sensor Networks: A Real-world deployment
Mohammed Moyed Ahmed, D. Sreenivasa Rao

Abstract-The development of Energy efficient Wireless Sensor Systems for use in real-world scenarios for monitoring of soil parameters with a novel approach has been carried out. New application architecture is designed for Threshold based real-time Wireless Sensor networks. We implemented Wireless Sensor Network for monitoring of Geological parameters for prediction of Landslide application using WSN hardware and developed a code on Labview software. The developed system capable of monitoring acceleration, soil-moisture and temperature. Functioning of developed WSN system is based on an advanced central control algorithm, in which Sink node (Gateway) is responsible for formation of Clusters, and Cluster Heads is selected based on the residual energy of nodes. Our developed system based on Energy efficient threshold based protocol achieves significant improvement of network lifetime and stability.